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516 – DiGirolamo, Ann, Thompson, Nancy, Martorell, Reynaldo, Fein, Sara and Grummer-Strawn, Laurence (2005) ‘Intention or Experience? Predictors of Continued Breastfeeding’. Health Education & Behavior, 32(2), pp. 208–226.

517 – Kozhimannil, Katy B., Jou, Judy, Attanasio, Laura B., Joarnt, Lauren K. and McGovern, Patricia (2014) ‘Medically Complex Pregnancies and Early Breastfeeding Behaviors: A Retrospective Analysis’. PLOS ONE, 9(8), p. e104820.

518 – Kronborg, Hanne, Vaeth, Michael and Rasmussen, Kathleen M. (2013) ‘Obesity and early cessation of breastfeeding in Denmark’. European Journal of Public Health, 23(2), pp. 316–322.

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725 – Park, Sohyun, Blanck, Heidi M., Sherry, Bettylou, Jones, Sherry Everett and Pan, Liping (2013) ‘Regular-Soda Intake Independent of Weight Status Is Associated with Asthma among US High School Students’. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(1), pp. 106–111.

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736 – Fine, Paul, Eames, Ken and Heymann, David L. (2011) ‘“Herd Immunity”: A Rough Guide’. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 52(7), pp. 911–916.

737 – Rashid, Harunor, Khandaker, Gulam and Booy, Robert (2012) ‘Vaccination and herd immunity: what more do we know?’ Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, 25(3), p. 243.

738 – Smith, Peter G. (2010) ‘Concepts of herd protection and immunity’. Procedia in Vaccinology, 2(2), pp. 134–139.

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740 – Glanz, Jason M., McClure, David L., Magid, David J., Daley, Matthew F., et al. (2009) ‘Parental Refusal of Pertussis Vaccination Is Associated With an Increased Risk of Pertussis Infection in Children’. Pediatrics, 123(6), pp. 1446–1451.

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742 – Omer, Saad B., Pan, William K. Y., Halsey, Neal A., Stokley, Shannon, et al. (2006) ‘Nonmedical Exemptions to School Immunization Requirements: Secular Trends and Association of State Policies With Pertussis Incidence’. JAMA, 296(14), pp. 1757–1763.

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744 – Glanz, Jason M., McClure, David L., Magid, David J., Daley, Matthew F., et al. (2010) ‘Parental Refusal of Varicella Vaccination and the Associated Risk of Varicella Infection in Children’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 164(1), pp. 66–70.

745 – Glanz, Jason M., McClure, David L., O’Leary, Sean T., Narwaney, Komal J., et al. (2011) ‘Parental decline of pneumococcal vaccination and risk of pneumococcal related disease in children’. Vaccine, 29(5), pp. 994–999.

746 – Barlow, Russell S., Reynolds, Laura E., Cieslak, Paul R. and Sullivan, Amy D. (2014) ‘Vaccinated Children and Adolescents With Pertussis Infections Experience Reduced Illness Severity and Duration, Oregon, 2010–2012’. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 58(11), pp. 1523–1529.

747 – Mitchell, Peter, Turner, Nikki, Jennings, Lance and Dong, Hongfang (2013) ‘Previous vaccination modifies both the clinical disease and immunological features in children with measles’. Journal of Primary Health Care, 5(2), pp. 93–98.

748 – Seward, Jane F., Watson, Barbara M., Peterson, Carol L., Mascola, Laurene, et al. (2002) ‘Varicella Disease After Introduction of Varicella Vaccine in the United States, 1995-2000’. JAMA, 287(5), pp. 606–611.

749 – Guris, Dalya, Jumaan, Aisha O., Mascola, Laurene, Watson, Barbara M., et al. (2008) ‘Changing Varicella Epidemiology in Active Surveillance Sites—United States, 1995–2005’. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 197(Supplement_2), pp. S71–S75.

750 – Balmer, P., Borrow, R. and Miller, E. (2002) ‘Impact of meningococcal C conjugate vaccine in the UK’. Journal of Medical Microbiology,, 51(9), pp. 717–722.

751 – Panozzo, Catherine A., Becker-Dreps, Sylvia, Pate, Virginia, Weber, David J., et al. (2014) ‘Direct, Indirect, Total, and Overall Effectiveness of the Rotavirus Vaccines for the Prevention of Gastroenteritis Hospitalizations in Privately Insured US Children, 2007–2010’. American Journal of Epidemiology, 179(7), pp. 895–909.

752 – Atkinson, W., Wolfe, C. and Hamborsky, J. (eds.) (2015) Epidemiology and prevention of vaccine-preventable diseases 13th ed., Public Health Foundation Publications.

753 – Jefferson, Tom, Rudin, Melanie and Di Pietrantonj, Carlo (2004) ‘Adverse events after immunisation with aluminium-containing DTP vaccines: systematic review of the evidence’. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 4(2), pp. 84–90.

754 – Daley, Matthew F., Yih, W. Katherine, Glanz, Jason M., Hambidge, Simon J., et al. (2014) ‘Safety of diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis and inactivated poliovirus (DTaP–IPV) vaccine’. Vaccine, 32(25), pp. 3019–3024.

755 – Sun, Yuelian, Christensen, Jakob, Hviid, Anders, Li, Jiong, et al. (2012) ‘Risk of Febrile Seizures and Epilepsy After Vaccination With Diphtheria, Tetanus, Acellular Pertussis, Inactivated Poliovirus, and Haemophilus Influenzae Type b’. JAMA, 307(8), pp. 823–831.

756 – Tiwari, M. D., Clark, T.A., Messonnier, M.D. and Thomas, C.G. (2011) ‘Tetanus Surveillance — United States, 2001–2008’. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 60(12), pp. 365–369.

757 – Collins, S., Amirthalingam, G., Beeching, N. J., Chand, M. A., et al. (2016) ‘Current epidemiology of tetanus in England, 2001–2014’. Epidemiology and Infection, 144(16), pp. 3343–3353.

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760 – Jubelt, B. (2004) ‘Post-polio syndrome’. Current Treatment Options in Neurology, 6(2), pp. 87–93.

761 – Winter, Kathleen, Zipprich, Jennifer, Harriman, Kathleen, Murray, Erin L., et al. (2015) ‘Risk Factors Associated With Infant Deaths From Pertussis: A Case-Control Study’. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 61(7), pp. 1099–1106.

762 – Winter, Kathleen, Harriman, Kathleen, Zipprich, Jennifer, Schechter, Robert, et al. (2012) ‘California Pertussis Epidemic, 2010’. The Journal of Pediatrics, 161(6), pp. 1091–1096.

763 – Blangiardi, F. and Ferrera, G. (2009) ‘Reducing the risk of pertussis in newborn infants’. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, 50(4), pp. 206–216.

764 – Gabutti, Giovanni and Rota, Maria Cristina (2012) ‘Pertussis: A Review of Disease Epidemiology Worldwide and in Italy’. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 9(12), pp. 4626–4638.

765 – Kretsinger, Katrina, Broder, Karen R., Cortese, Margaret M., Joyce, M. Patricia, et al. (2006) ‘Preventing tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis among adults: use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and recommendation of ACIP, supported by the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC), for use of Tdap among health-care personnel’. MMWR. Recommendations and reports: Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and reports, 55(RR-17), pp. 1–37.

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767 – Rubach, Matthew P., Bender, Jeffrey M., Mottice, Susan, Hanson, Kimberly, et al. (2011) ‘Increasing incidence of invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease in adults, Utah, USA’. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 17(9), pp. 1645–1650.

768 – Collins, Sarah, Litt, David, Almond, Rachael, Findlow, Jamie, et al. (2018) ‘Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) seroprevalence and current epidemiology in England and Wales’. Journal of Infection, 76(4), pp. 335–341.

769 – Shepard, Colin W., Finelli, Lyn, Fiore, Anthony E. and Bell, Beth P. (2005) ‘Epidemiology of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis B Virus Infection in United States Children’. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 24(9), p. 755.

770 – Armstrong, Gregory L., Mast, Eric E., Wojczynski, Mary and Margolis, Harold S. (2001) ‘Childhood Hepatitis B Virus Infections in the United States Before Hepatitis B Immunization’. Pediatrics, 108(5), pp. 1123–1128.

771 – Shepard, Colin W., Simard, Edgar P., Finelli, Lyn, Fiore, Anthony E. and Bell, Beth P. (2006) ‘Hepatitis B Virus Infection: Epidemiology and Vaccination’. Epidemiologic Reviews, 28(1), pp. 112–125.

772 – Stanaway, Jeffrey D, Flaxman, Abraham D, Naghavi, Mohsen, Fitzmaurice, Christina, et al. (2016) ‘The global burden of viral hepatitis from 1990 to 2013: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013’. The Lancet, 388(10049), pp. 1081–1088.

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775 – Henriques-Normark, Birgitta and Tuomanen, Elaine I. (2013) ‘The Pneumococcus: Epidemiology, Microbiology, and Pathogenesis’. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 3(7). [online] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3685878/ (Accessed 11 September 2018)

776 – Greenhow, Tara L., Hung, Yun-Yi and Herz, Arnd (2017) ‘Bacteremia in Children 3 to 36 Months Old After Introduction of Conjugated Pneumococcal Vaccines’. Pediatrics, p. e20162098.

777 – Grimwood, Keith, Anderson, Peter, Anderson, Vicki, Tan, Lesley and Nolan, Terry (2000) ‘Twelve year outcomes following bacterial meningitis: further evidence for persisting effects’. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 83(2), pp. 111–116.

778 – Chandran, Aruna, Herbert, Hadley, Misurski, Derek and Santosham, Mathuram (2011) ‘Long-term Sequelae of Childhood Bacterial Meningitis: An Underappreciated Problem’. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 30(1), p. 3.

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783 – Zamir, C. Stein, Schroeder, H., Shoob, H., Abramson, N. and Zentner, G. (2015) ‘Characteristics of a large mumps outbreak: Clinical severity, complications and association with vaccination status of mumps outbreak cases’. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 11(6), pp. 1413–1417.

784 – Yung, Chee-Fu, Andrews, Nick, Bukasa, Antoaneta, Brown, Kevin E. and Ramsay, Mary (2011) ‘Mumps Complications and Effects of Mumps Vaccination, England and Wales, 2002–2006’. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 17(4), pp. 661–667.

785 – Sugishita, Yoshiyuki, Shimatani, Naotaka, Katow, Shigetaka, Takahashi, Takuri and Hori, Narumi (2015) ‘Epidemiological Characteristics of Rubella and Congenital Rubella Syndrome in the 2012–2013 Epidemics in Tokyo, Japan’. Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases, 68(2), pp. 159–165.

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788 – Phillips, Anastasia, Patel, Cyra, Pillsbury, Alexis, Brotherton, Julia and Macartney, Kristine (2018) ‘Safety of Human Papillomavirus Vaccines: An Updated Review’. Drug Safety, 41(4), pp. 329–346.

789 – Arnheim-Dahlström, Lisen, Pasternak, Björn, Svanström, Henrik, Sparén, Pär and Hviid, Anders (2013) ‘Autoimmune, neurological, and venous thromboembolic adverse events after immunisation of adolescent girls with quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine in Denmark and Sweden: cohort study’. BMJ, 347. [online] Available from: https://www.bmj.com/content/347/bmj.f5906 (Accessed 26 February 2020)

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791 – Scheller, Nikolai Madrid, Svanström, Henrik, Pasternak, Björn, Arnheim-Dahlström, Lisen, et al. (2015) ‘Quadrivalent HPV Vaccination and Risk of Multiple Sclerosis and Other Demyelinating Diseases of the Central Nervous System’. JAMA, 313(1), pp. 54–61.

792 – ANSM (2015) ‘Vaccination contre les infections à HPV et risque de maladies auto-immunes : une étude Cnamts/ANSM rassurante – Point d’information’. [online] Available from: https://ansm.sante.fr/S-informer/Points-d-information-Points-d-information/Vaccination-contre-les-infections-a-HPV-et-risque-de-maladies-auto-immunes-une-etude-Cnamts-ANSM-rassurante-Point-d-information (Accessed 3 April 2020)

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796 – Offit, Paul A., Quarles, Jessica, Gerber, Michael A., Hackett, Charles J., et al. (2002) ‘Addressing Parents’ Concerns: Do Multiple Vaccines Overwhelm or Weaken the Infant’s Immune System?’ Pediatrics, 109(1), pp. 124–129.

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798 – Sherrid, Ashley M., Ruck, Candice E., Sutherland, Darren, Cai, Bing and Kollmann, Tobias R. (2017) ‘Lack of broad functional differences in immunity in fully vaccinated vs. unvaccinated children’. Pediatric Research, 81(4), pp. 601–608.

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800 – Iqbal, Shahed, Barile, John P., Thompson, William W. and DeStefano, Frank (2013) ‘Number of antigens in early childhood vaccines and neuropsychological outcomes at age 7–10 years’. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 22(12), pp. 1263–1270.

801 – DeStefano, Frank, Price, Cristofer S. and Weintraub, Eric S. (2013) ‘Increasing Exposure to Antibody-Stimulating Proteins and Polysaccharides in Vaccines Is Not Associated with Risk of Autism’. The Journal of Pediatrics, 163(2), pp. 561–567.

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808 – Komatsu, H., Inui, A. and Fujisawa, T. (2016) ‘The Role of Body Fluids in the Horizontal Transmission of Hepatitis B virus via Household/Close Contact’. European Medical Journal, 1(1), pp. 68–75.

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810 – El Agheb, Mohamed Ould Mohamed and Grange, Jean-Didier (2015) ‘Prévention de la transmission mère-enfant de l’hépatite B’. The Pan African Medical Journal, 20. [online] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4491476/ (Accessed 17 September 2018)

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873 – Lach, Boleslaw and Cupler, Edward J. (2008) ‘Macrophagic Myofasciitis in Children Is a Localized Reaction to Vaccination’. Journal of Child Neurology, 23(6), pp. 614–619.

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882 – Park, J.-H., Na, K.-S., Park, Y.-W., Paik, S.-S. and Yoo, D.-H. (2005) ‘Macrophagic myofasciitis unrelated to vaccination’. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, 34(1), pp. 65–67.

883 – Li, Dan, Tomljenovic, Lucija, Li, Yongling and Shaw, Christopher A. (2017) ‘RETRACTED: Subcutaneous injections of aluminum at vaccine adjuvant levels activate innate immune genes in mouse brain that are homologous with biomarkers of autism’. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 177, pp. 39–54.

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885 – Li, Dan, Tomljenovic, Lucija, Li, Yongling and Shaw, Christopher A. (2017) ‘Retraction Notice to “Subcutaneous injections of aluminum at vaccine adjuvant levels activate innate immune genes in mouse brain that are homologous with biomarkers of autism” [Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 177 (2017) 39–54]’. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 177, p. 247.

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924 – Chao, R.K. (2000) ‘The Parenting of Immigrant Chinese and European American Mothers: Relations Between Parenting Styles, Socialization Goals, and Parental Practices’. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 21(2), pp. 233–248.

925 – Lamborn, S.D., Mounts, N.S., Steinberg, L. and Dornbusch, S.M. (1991) ‘Patterns of Competence and Adjustment among Adolescents from Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, and Neglectful Families’. Child Development, 62(5), pp. 1049–1065.

926 – Steinberg, L., Lamborn, S.D., Dornbusch, S.M. and Darling, N. (1992) ‘Impact of Parenting Practices on Adolescent Achievement: Authoritative Parenting, School Involvement, and Encouragement to Succeed’. Child Development, 63(5), pp. 1266–1281.

927 – Querido, Jane G., Warner, Tamara D. and Eyberg, Sheila M. (2002) ‘Parenting Styles and Child Behavior in African American Families of Preschool Children’. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 31(2), pp. 272–277.

928 – Benchaya, Mariana C., Bisch, Nadia K., Moreira, Taís C. and Barros, Helena M. T. (2011) ‘Non-authoritative parents and impact on drug use: the perception of adolescent children’. Jornal de Pediatria, 0(0). [online] Available from: http://jped.com.br/conteudo/Ing_resumo.asp?varArtigo=2189&cod=&idSecao=1 (Accessed 5 September 2017)

929 – Luyckx, Koen, Tildesley, Elizabeth A., Soenens, Bart, Andrews, Judy A., et al. (2011) ‘Parenting and Trajectories of Children’s Maladaptive Behaviors: A 12-Year Prospective Community Study’. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 40(3), pp. 468–478.

930 – Choe, D. E., Olson, S.L. and Sameroff, A. J. (2013) ‘The interplay of externalizing problems and physical and inductive discipline during childhood’. Developmental Psychology, 19(11), pp. 2029–2039.

931 – Yamagata, Shinji, Takahashi, Yusuke, Ozaki, Koken, Fujisawa, Keiko K., et al. (2013) ‘Bidirectional influences between maternal parenting and children’s peer problems: a longitudinal monozygotic twin difference study’. Developmental Science, 16(2), pp. 249–259.

932 – Deković, Maja and Janssens, Jan M. (1992) ‘Parents’ child-rearing style and child’s sociometric status.’ Developmental Psychology, 28(5), pp. 925–932.

933 – Bednar, Dell Elaine and Fisher, Terri D. (2003) ‘Peer referencing in adolescent decision making as a function of perceived parenting style’. Adolescence, 38(152), pp. 607–621.

934 – Steinberg, Laurence (2001) ‘We Know Some Things: Parent-Adolescent Relationships in Retrospect and Prospect’. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 11(1), pp. 1–19.

935 – Pinquart, Martin (2017) ‘Associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing problems of children and adolescents: An updated meta-analysis.’ Developmental Psychology, 53(5), pp. 873–932.

936 – Meins, Elizabeth, Fernyhough, Charles, Fradley, Emma and Tuckey, Michelle (2001) ‘Rethinking Maternal Sensitivity: Mothers’ Comments on Infants’ Mental Processes Predict Security of Attachment at 12 Months’. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42(5), pp. 637–648.

937 – Easterbrooks, A. M., Biesecker, Gretchen and Lyons-Ruth, Karlen (2000) ‘Infancy predictors of emotional availability in middle childhood: the roles of attachment security and maternal depressive symptomatology’. Attachment & Human Development, 2(2), pp. 170–187.

938 – Kerns, Kathryn A., Abraham, Michelle M., Schlegelmilch, Andrew and Morgan, Theresa A. (2007) ‘Mother – child attachment in later middle childhood: Assessment approaches and associations with mood and emotion regulation’. Attachment & Human Development, 9(1), pp. 33–53.

939 – Davidov, Maayan and Grusec, Joan E. (2006) ‘Untangling the Links of Parental Responsiveness to Distress and Warmth to Child Outcomes’. Child Development, 77(1), pp. 44–58.

940 – Blair, C., Granger, D., Willoughby, M. and Kivlighan, K. (2006) ‘Maternal Sensitivity Is Related to Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Stress Reactivity and Regulation in Response to Emotion Challenge in 6-Month-Old Infants’. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1094(1), pp. 263–267.

941 – Wyman, Peter A., Cowen, Emory L., Work, William C. and Parker, Gayle R. (1991) ‘Developmental and family milieu correlates of resilience in urban children who have experienced major life stress’. American Journal of Community Psychology, 19(3), pp. 405–426.

942 – Kok, Bethany E., Coffey, Kimberly A., Cohn, Michael A., Catalino, Lahnna I., et al. (2013) ‘How Positive Emotions Build Physical Health: Perceived Positive Social Connections Account for the Upward Spiral Between Positive Emotions and Vagal Tone’. Psychological Science, 24(7), pp. 1123–1132.

943 – Van Zeijl, Jantien, Mesman, Judi, Van IJzendoorn, Marinus H., Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J., et al. (2006) ‘Attachment-based intervention for enhancing sensitive discipline in mothers of 1- to 3-year-old children at risk for externalizing behavior problems: A randomized controlled trial.’ Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(6), pp. 994–1005.

944 – Stattin, Håkan, Enebrink, Pia, Özdemir, Metin and Giannotta, Fabrizia (2015) ‘A national evaluation of parenting programs in Sweden: The short-term effects using an RCT effectiveness design.’ Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 83(6), pp. 1069–1084.

945 – Lewis-Morrarty, Erin, Degnan, Kathryn A., Chronis-Tuscano, Andrea, Pine, Daniel S., et al. (2015) ‘Infant Attachment Security and Early Childhood Behavioral Inhibition Interact to Predict Adolescent Social Anxiety Symptoms’. Child Development, 86(2), pp. 598–613.

946 – Havighurst, Sophie S., Wilson, Katherine R., Harley, Ann E., Kehoe, Christiane, et al. (2013) ‘“Tuning into Kids”: Reducing Young Children’s Behavior Problems Using an Emotion Coaching Parenting Program’. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 44(2), pp. 247–264.

947 – Crandell, Lisa E. and Hobson, R. Peter (1999) ‘Individual Differences in Young Children’s IQ: A Social-developmental Perspective’. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40(3), pp. 455–464.

948 – Moss, Ellen, Rousseau, Denise, Parent, Sophie, St-Laurent, Diane and Saintonge, Julie (2008) ‘Correlates of Attachment at School Age: Maternal Reported Stress, Mother-Child Interaction, and Behavior Problems’. Child Development, 69(5), pp. 1390–1405.

949 – Moss, Ellen and St-Laurent, Diane (2001) ‘Attachment at school age and academic performance.’ Developmental Psychology, 37(6), pp. 863–874.

950 – Landry, Susan H., Smith, Karen E. and Swank, Paul R. (2003) ‘The Importance of Parenting During Early Childhood for School-Age Development’. Developmental Neuropsychology, 24(2–3), pp. 559–591.

951 – Landry, Susan H., Smith, Karen E. and Swank, Paul R. (2006) ‘Responsive parenting: Establishing early foundations for social, communication, and independent problem-solving skills.’ Developmental Psychology, 42(4), pp. 627–642.

952 – Landry, Susan H., Smith, Karen E., Swank, Paul R. and Guttentag, Cathy (2008) ‘A responsive parenting intervention: The optimal timing across early childhood for impacting maternal behaviors and child outcomes.’ Developmental Psychology, 44(5), pp. 1335–1353.

953 – Ramsden, Sally R. and Hubbard, Julie A. (2002) ‘Family Expressiveness and Parental Emotion Coaching: Their Role in Children’s Emotion Regulation and Aggression’. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(6), pp. 657–667.

954 – Durrant, Joan E., Plateau, Dominique Pierre, Ateah, Christine, Stewart-Tufescu, Ashley, et al. (2014) ‘Preventing Punitive Violence: Preliminary Data on the Positive Discipline in Everyday Parenting (PDEP) Program’. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 33(2), pp. 109–125.

955 – Katz, Lynn Fainsilber and Windecker-Nelson, Bess (2004) ‘Parental Meta-Emotion Philosophy in Families with Conduct-Problem Children: Links with Peer Relations’. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32(4), pp. 385–398.

956 – Dunsmore, Julie C., Booker, Jordan A. and Ollendick, Thomas H. (2013) ‘Parental Emotion Coaching and Child Emotion Regulation as Protective Factors for Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder: Emotion Coaching with Children with ODD’. Social Development, 22(3), pp. 444–466.

957 – Greene, Ross W., Ablon, J. Stuart, Goring, Jennifer C., Raezer-Blakely, Lauren, et al. (2004) ‘Effectiveness of Collaborative Problem Solving in Affectively Dysregulated Children With Oppositional-Defiant Disorder: Initial Findings.’ Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72(6), pp. 1157–1164.

958 – Meins, Elizabeth and Fernyhough, Charles (1999) ‘Linguistic Acquisitional Style and Mentalising Development’. Cognitive Development, 14(3), pp. 363–380.

959 – Dunn, Judy, Brown, Jane, Slomkowski, Cheryl, Tesla, Caroline and Youngblade, Lise (1991) ‘Young Children’s Understanding of Other People’s Feelings and Beliefs: Individual Differences and Their Antecedents’. Child Development, 62(6), pp. 1352–1366.

960 – Adrián, Juan E., Clemente, Rosa Ana and Villanueva, Lidón (2007) ‘Mothers? Use of Cognitive State Verbs in Picture-Book Reading and the Development of Children?s Understanding of Mind: A Longitudinal Study’. Child Development, 78(4), pp. 1052–1067.

961 – Taumoepeau, Mele and Ruffman, Ted (2008) ‘Stepping Stones to Others’ Minds: Maternal Talk Relates to Child Mental State Language and Emotion Understanding at 15, 24, and 33 Months’. Child Development, 79(2), pp. 284–302.

962 – Kamins, Melissa L. and Dweck, Carol S. (1999) ‘Person versus process praise and criticism: Implications for contingent self-worth and coping’. Developmental Psychology, pp. 835–847.

963 – Schmittmann, Verena D., Visser, Ingmar and Raijmakers, Maartje E.J. (2006) ‘Multiple learning modes in the development of performance on a rule-based category-learning task’. Neuropsychologia, 44(11), pp. 2079–2091.

964 – van Duijvenvoorde, A. C. K., Zanolie, K., Rombouts, S. A. R. B., Raijmakers, M. E. J. and Crone, E. A. (2008) ‘Evaluating the Negative or Valuing the Positive? Neural Mechanisms Supporting Feedback-Based Learning across Development’. Journal of Neuroscience, 28(38), pp. 9495–9503.

965 – Patrick, Renee B. and Gibbs, John C. (2016) ‘Maternal Acceptance: Its Contribution to Children’s Favorable Perceptions of Discipline and Moral Identity’. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 177(3), pp. 73–84.

966 – Krevans, Julia and Gibbs, John C. (1996) ‘Parents’ Use of Inductive Discipline: Relations to Children’s Empathy and Prosocial Behavior’. Child Development, 67(6), pp. 3263–3277.

967 – Knafo, A. and Plomin, R. (n.d.) ‘Parental discipline and affection and children’s prosocial behavior: Genetic and environmental links’. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(1), pp. 147–164.

968 – Arsenio, William and Ramos-Marcuse, Fatima (2014) ‘Children’s Moral Emotions, Narratives, and Aggression: Relations With Maternal Discipline and Support’. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 175(6), pp. 528–546.

969 – Kerr, David C. R., Lopez, Nestor L., Olson, Sheryl L. and Sameroff, Arnold J. (2004) ‘Parental Discipline and Externalizing Behavior Problems in Early Childhood: The Roles of Moral Regulation and Child Gender’. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32(4), pp. 369–383.

970 – Glozah, Franklin N. (2014) ‘Exploring the role of self-esteem and parenting patterns on alcohol use and abuse among adolescents’. Health Psychology Research, 2(3). [online] Available from: http://www.pagepressjournals.org/index.php/hpr/article/view/hpr.2014.1898 (Accessed 7 August 2017)

971 – Calafat, Amador, García, Fernando, Juan, Montse, Becoña, Elisardo and Fernández-Hermida, José Ramón (2014) ‘Which parenting style is more protective against adolescent substance use? Evidence within the European context’. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 138, pp. 185–192.

972 – Dornbusch, Sanford M., Ritter, Philip L., Leiderman, P. Herbert, Roberts, Donald F. and Fraleigh, Michael J. (1987) ‘The Relation of Parenting Style to Adolescent School Performance’. Child Development, 58(5), p. 1244.

973 – Steinberg, L., Elmen, J. D. and Mounts, N. S. (1989) ‘Authoritative parenting, psychosocial maturity, and academic success among adolescents’. Child Development, 60(6), pp. 1424–1436.

974 – Dweck, Carol (2017) Mindset: Changing The Way You think To Fulfil Your Potential, Hachette UK.

975 – Steinberg, L., Lamborn, S.D., Darling, N., Mounts, N.S. and Dornbusch, S.M. (1994) ‘Over-Time Changes in Adjustment and Competence among Adolescents from Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, and Neglectful Families’. Child Development, 65(3), pp. 754–770.

976 – Georgiou, Stelios N., Fousiani, Kyriaki, Michaelides, Michalis and Stavrinides, Panayiotis (2013) ‘Cultural value orientation and authoritarian parenting as parameters of bullying and victimization at school’. International Journal of Psychology, 48(1), pp. 69–78.

977 – Luk, Jeremy W., Patock-Peckham, Julie A., Medina, Mia, Terrell, Nathan, et al. (2016) ‘Bullying Perpetration and Victimization as Externalizing and Internalizing Pathways: A Retrospective Study Linking Parenting Styles and Self-Esteem to Depression, Alcohol Use, and Alcohol-Related Problems’. Substance Use & Misuse, 51(1), pp. 113–125.

978 – Chen, Xinyin, Dong, Qi and Zhou, Hong (1997) ‘Authoritative and Authoritarian Parenting Practices and Social and School Performance in Chinese Children’. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 21(4), pp. 855–873.

979 – Zhou, Qing, Eisenberg, Nancy, Wang, Yun and Reiser, Mark (2004) ‘Chinese Children’s Effortful Control and Dispositional Anger/Frustration: Relations to Parenting Styles and Children’s Social Functioning.’ Developmental Psychology, 40(3), pp. 352–366.

980 – Garcia, Fernando and Gracia, Enrique (2009) ‘Is always authoritative the optimum parenting style? Evidence from Spanish families’. Adolescence, 44(173), pp. 101–132.

981 – Gómez-Ortiz, Olga, Romera, Eva María and Ortega-Ruiz, Rosario (2016) ‘Parenting styles and bullying. The mediating role of parental psychological aggression and physical punishment’. Child Abuse & Neglect, 51, pp. 132–143.

982 – Janssens, Jan M.A.M. and Deković, Maja (1997) ‘Child Rearing, Prosocial Moral Reasoning, and Prosocial Behaviour’. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 20(3), pp. 509–527.

983 – Yin, Ping, Hou, Xiao, Qin, Qing, Deng, Wei, et al. (2016) ‘Genetic and Environmental Influences on the Mental Health of Children: A Twin Study’. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 54(8), pp. 29–34.

984 – Chang, Lei, Schwartz, David, Dodge, Kenneth A. and McBride-Chang, Catherine (2003) ‘Harsh Parenting in Relation to Child Emotion Regulation and Aggression.’ Journal of Family Psychology, 17(4), pp. 598–606.

985 – Wang, Li, Chen, Xinyin, Chen, Huichang, Cui, Liying and Li, Miao (2006) ‘Affect and maternal parenting as predictors of adaptive and maladaptive behaviors in Chinese children’. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30(2), pp. 158–166.

986 – Wolfradt, Uwe, Hempel, Susanne and Miles, Jeremy N.V (2003) ‘Perceived parenting styles, depersonalisation, anxiety and coping behaviour in adolescents’. Personality and Individual Differences, 34(3), pp. 521–532.

987 – Muhtadie, Luma, Zhou, Qing, Eisenberg, Nancy and Wang, Yun (2013) ‘Predicting internalizing problems in Chinese children: The unique and interactive effects of parenting and child temperament’. Development and Psychopathology, 25(03), pp. 653–667.

988 – Long, E. C., Aggen, S. H., Gardner, C. and Kendler, K. S. (2015) ‘Differential parenting and risk for psychopathology: a monozygotic twin difference approach’. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50(10), pp. 1569–1576.

989 – Calzada, Esther, Barajas-Gonzalez, R. Gabriela, Huang, Keng-Yen and Brotman, Laurie (2017) ‘Early Childhood Internalizing Problems in Mexican- and Dominican-Origin Children: The Role of Cultural Socialization and Parenting Practices’. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 46(4), pp. 551–562.

990 – King, Keith A., Vidourek, Rebecca A. and Merianos, Ashley L. (2016) ‘Authoritarian parenting and youth depression: Results from a national study’. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, 44(2), pp. 130–139.

991 – Rothrauff, T. C., Cooney, T. M. and An, J. S. (2009) ‘Remembered Parenting Styles and Adjustment in Middle and Late Adulthood’. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 64B(1), pp. 137–146.

992 – Lipps, Garth, Lowe, Gillian A, Gibson, Roger C, Halliday, Sharon, et al. (2012) ‘Parenting and depressive symptoms among adolescents in four Caribbean societies’. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 6(1), p. 31.

993 – Martínez, Isabel and García, José Fernando (2007) ‘Impact of Parenting Styles on Adolescents’ Self-Esteem and Internalization of Values in Spain’. The Spanish journal of psychology, 10(02), pp. 338–348.

994 – Martínez, Isabel and García, José Fernando (2008) ‘Internalization of values and self-esteem among Brazilian teenagers from authoritative, indulgent, authoritarian, and neglectful homes’. Adolescence, 43(169), pp. 13–29.

995 – Türkel, Yeşim Deniz and Tezer, Esin (2008) ‘Parenting Styles and Learned Resourcefulness of Turkish Adolescents’. Adolescence, 43(169), pp. 143–152.

996 – Piotrowski, Jessica Taylor, Lapierre, Matthew A. and Linebarger, Deborah L. (2013) ‘Investigating Correlates of Self-Regulation in Early Childhood with a Representative Sample of English-Speaking American Families’. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22(3), pp. 423–436.

997 – Underwood, Marion K., Beron, Kurt J. and Rosen, Lisa H. (2009) ‘Continuity and change in social and physical aggression from middle childhood through early adolescence’. Aggressive Behavior, 35(5), pp. 357–375.

998 – Miller, J. M., DiIorio, C. and Dudley, W. (2002) ‘Parenting style and adolescent’s reaction to conflict: is there a relationship?’ Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, pp. 463–468.

999 – Weiss, Laura H. and Schwarz, J. Conrad (1996) ‘The Relationship between Parenting Types and Older Adolescents’ Personality, Academic Achievement, Adjustment, and Substance Use’. Child Development, 67(5), pp. 2101–2114.

1000 – Reimuller, Alison, Hussong, Andrea and Ennett, Susan T. (2011) ‘The Influence of Alcohol-Specific Communication on Adolescent Alcohol Use and Alcohol-Related Consequences’. Prevention Science, 12(4), pp. 389–400.

1001 – Sleddens, Ester F. C., Gerards, Sanne M. P. L., Thijs, Carel, de Vries, Nanne K. and Kremers, Stef P. J. (2011) ‘General parenting, childhood overweight and obesity-inducing behaviors: a review’. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 6(2–2), pp. e12–e27.

1002 – Pratt, Michael W., Kerig, Patricia, Cowan, Philip A. and Cowan, Carolyn Pape (1988) ‘Mothers and fathers teaching 3-year-olds: Authoritative parenting and adult scaffolding of young children’s learning.’ Developmental Psychology, 24(6), pp. 832–839.

1003 – Jago, R., Davison, K. K., Thompson, J. L., Page, A. S., et al. (2011) ‘Parental Sedentary Restriction, Maternal Parenting Style, and Television Viewing Among 10- to 11-Year-Olds’. PEDIATRICS. [online] Available from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/doi/10.1542/peds.2010-3664 (Accessed 8 August 2017)

1004 – Flint-Bretler, O., Shochat, T. and Tzischinsky, O. (2013) ‘The effects of a parental intervention on electronic media exposure and sleep patterns in adolescents’. Sleep Medicine, 14, pp. e126–e127.

1005 – Owens-Stively, Judith, Frank, Natalie, Smith, Adina, Hagino, Owen, et al. (1997) ‘Child temperament, parenting discipline style, and daytime behavior in childhood sleep disorders.’ Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 18(5), pp. 314–321.

1006 – Schmidt, Marie Evans, Pempek, Tiffany A., Kirkorian, Heather L., Lund, Anne Frankenfield and Anderson, Daniel R. (2008) ‘The Effects of Background Television on the Toy Play Behavior of Very Young Children’. Child Development, 79(4), pp. 1137–1151.

1007 – Wright, John C., Huston, Aletha C., Murphy, Kimberlee C., St. Peters, Michelle, et al. (2001) ‘The Relations of Early Television Viewing to School Readiness and Vocabulary of Children from Low-Income Families: The Early Window Project’. Child Development, 72(5), pp. 1347–1366.

1008 – Gadberry, Sharon (1980) ‘Effects of restricting first graders’ TV-viewing on leisure time use, IQ change, and cognitive style’. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 1(1), pp. 45–57.

1009 – Johnson, Jeffrey G., Cohen, Patricia, Kasen, Stephanie and Brook, Judith S. (2007) ‘Extensive Television Viewing and the Development of Attention and Learning Difficulties During Adolescence’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 161(5), p. 480.

1010 – Sharif, Iman, Wills, Thomas A. and Sargent, James D. (2010) ‘Effect of Visual Media Use on School Performance: A Prospective Study’. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46(1), pp. 52–61.

1011 – Shin, Nary (2004) ‘Exploring Pathways From Television Viewing to Academic Achievement in School Age Children’. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 165(4), pp. 367–382.

1012 – Zimmerman, Frederick J., Christakis, Dimitri A. and Meltzoff, Andrew N. (2007) ‘Associations between Media Viewing and Language Development in Children Under Age 2 Years’. The Journal of Pediatrics, 151(4), pp. 364–368.

1013 – Chonchaiya, Weerasak and Pruksananonda, Chandhita (2008) ‘Television viewing associates with delayed language development’. Acta Paediatrica, 97(7), pp. 977–982.

1014 – Tanimura, Masako, Okuma, Kanako and Kyoshima, Kayoko (2007) ‘Television Viewing, Reduced Parental Utterance, and Delayed Speech Development in Infants and Young Children’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 161(6), p. 618.

1015 – Vandewater, E. A. (2006) ‘Time Well Spent? Relating Television Use to Children’s Free-Time Activities’. PEDIATRICS, 117(2), pp. e181–e191.

1016 – Christakis, Dimitri A., Gilkerson, Jill, Richards, Jeffrey A., Zimmerman, Frederick J., et al. (2009) ‘Audible Television and Decreased Adult Words, Infant Vocalizations, and Conversational Turns: A Population-Based Study’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 163(6), p. 554.

1017 – Christakis, D. A., Zimmerman, F. J., DiGiuseppe, D. L. and McCarty, C. A. (2004) ‘Early Television Exposure and Subsequent Attentional Problems in Children’. PEDIATRICS, 113(4), pp. 708–713.

1018 – Barr-Anderson, D. J., van den Berg, P., Neumark-Sztainer, D. and Story, M. (2008) ‘Characteristics Associated With Older Adolescents Who Have a Television in Their Bedrooms’. PEDIATRICS, 121(4), pp. 718–724.

1019 – Hawkins, Nicole, Richards, P. Scott, Granley, H. Mac and Stein, David M. (2004) ‘The Impact of Exposure to the Thin-Ideal Media Image on Women’. Eating Disorders, 12(1), pp. 35–50.

1020 – Paxton, Susan J., Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne, Hannan, Peter J. and Eisenberg, Marla E. (2006) ‘Body Dissatisfaction Prospectively Predicts Depressive Mood and Low Self-Esteem in Adolescent Girls and Boys’. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 35(4), pp. 539–549.

1021 – Hogan, Marjorie J. and Strasburger, Victor C. (2008) ‘Body image, eating disorders, and the media’. Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, 19(3), pp. 521–546, x–xi.

1022 – Spettigue, Wendy and Henderson, Katherine A. (2004) ‘Eating Disorders and the Role of the Media’. The Canadian child and adolescent psychiatry review, 13(1), pp. 16–19.

1023 – Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne, Paxton, Susan J., Hannan, Peter J., Haines, Jess and Story, Mary (2006) ‘Does Body Satisfaction Matter? Five-year Longitudinal Associations between Body Satisfaction and Health Behaviors in Adolescent Females and Males’. Journal of Adolescent Health, 39(2), pp. 244–251.

1024 – Calado, María, Lameiras, María, Sepulveda, Ana R., Rodríguez, Yolanda and Carrera, María V. (2010) ‘The mass media exposure and disordered eating behaviours in Spanish secondary students’. European Eating Disorders Review, 18(5), pp. 417–427.

1025 – Moriarty, Cortney M. and Harrison, Kristen (2008) ‘Television Exposure and Disordered Eating Among Children: A Longitudinal Panel Study’. Journal of Communication, 58(2), pp. 361–381.

1026 – Harrison, K and Cantor, J (1997) ‘The relationship between media consumption and eating disorders’. Journal of Communication, 47(1), pp. 40–67.

1027 – Hancox, R J and Poulton, R (2006) ‘Watching television is associated with childhood obesity: but is it clinically important?’ International Journal of Obesity, 30(1), pp. 171–175.

1028 – Morgenstern, Matthis, Sargent, James D. and Hanewinkel, Reiner (2009) ‘Relation Between Socioeconomic Status and Body Mass Index: Evidence of an Indirect Path via Television Use’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 163(8). [online] Available from: http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.78 (Accessed 8 August 2017)

1029 – Jackson, D. M, Djafarian, K., Stewart, J. and Speakman, J. R (2009) ‘Increased television viewing is associated with elevated body fatness but not with lower total energy expenditure in children’. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89, pp. 1031–1036.

1030 – Foster, Jill A., Gore, Stacy A. and West, Delia Smith (2006) ‘Altering TV Viewing Habits: An Unexplored Strategy for Adult Obesity Intervention?’ American Journal of Health Behavior, 30(1), pp. 3–14.

1031 – Utter, Jennifer, Scragg, Robert and Schaaf, David (2006) ‘Associations between television viewing and consumption of commonly advertised foods among New Zealand children and young adolescents’. Public Health Nutrition, 9(05). [online] Available from: http://www.journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S1368980006001017 (Accessed 8 August 2017)

1032 – Bowman, Shanthy A (2006) ‘Television-Viewing Characteristics of Adults: Correlations to Eating Practices and Overweight and Health Status’. Preventing Chronic Disease, 3(2). [online] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1563980/ (Accessed 8 August 2017)

1033 – Kuepper-Nybelen, J (2005) ‘Major differences in prevalence of overweight according to nationality in preschool children living in Germany: determinants and public health implications’. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90(4), pp. 359–363.

1034 – Janssen, I., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Boyce, W. F., Vereecken, C., et al. (2005) ‘Comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in school-aged youth from 34 countries and their relationships with physical activity and dietary patterns’. Obesity Reviews, 6(2), pp. 123–132.

1035 – Janssen, Ian, Katzmarzyk, Peter T., Boyce, William F., King, Matthew A. and Pickett, William (2004) ‘Overweight and obesity in Canadian adolescents and their associations with dietary habits and physical activity patterns’. Journal of Adolescent Health, 35(5), pp. 360–367.

1036 – Crespo, Carlos J., Smit, Ellen, Troiano, Richard P., Bartlett, Susan J., et al. (2001) ‘Television Watching, Energy Intake, and Obesity in US Children: Results From the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 155(3), p. 360.

1037 – Andersen, Ross E., Crespo, Carlos J., Bartlett, Susan J., Cheskin, Lawrence J. and Pratt, Michael (1998) ‘Relationship of Physical Activity and Television Watching With Body Weight and Level of Fatness Among Children: Results From the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey’. JAMA, 279(12), p. 938.

1038 – Obarzanek, E., Schreiber, G. B., Crawford, P. B., Goldman, S. R., et al. (1994) ‘Energy intake and physical activity in relation to indexes of body fat: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study.’ The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 60(1), pp. 15–22.

1039 – Dietz, William H. and Gortmaker, Steven L. (1985) ‘Do We Fatten Our Children at the Television Set? Obesity and Television Viewing in Children and Adolescents’. Pediatrics, 75(5), pp. 807–812.

1040 – Gortmaker, Steven L. (1996) ‘Television Viewing as a Cause of Increasing Obesity Among Children in the United States, 1986-1990’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 150(4), p. 356.

1041 – Lumeng, Julie C., Rahnama, Sahand, Appugliese, Danielle, Kaciroti, Niko and Bradley, Robert H. (2006) ‘Television Exposure and Overweight Risk in Preschoolers’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 160(4), p. 417.

1042 – Epstein, Leonard H., Roemmich, James N., Robinson, Jodie L., Paluch, Rocco A., et al. (2008) ‘A Randomized Trial of the Effects of Reducing Television Viewing and Computer Use on Body Mass Index in Young Children’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 162(3), p. 239.

1043 – Doak, C. M., Visscher, T. L. S., Renders, C. M. and Seidell, J. C. (2006) ‘The prevention of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents: a review of interventions and programmes’. Obesity Reviews, 7(1), pp. 111–136.

1044 – Robinson, Thomas N. (1999) ‘Reducing Children’s Television Viewing to Prevent Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial’. JAMA, 282(16), p. 1561.

1045 – Landhuis, E. C., Poulton, Richie, Welch, David and Hancox, Robert J. (2008) ‘Programming Obesity and Poor Fitness: The Long-term Impact of Childhood Television’. Obesity, 16(6), pp. 1457–1459.

1046 – Thorp, A. A., Healy, G. N., Owen, N., Salmon, J., et al. (2010) ‘Deleterious Associations of Sitting Time and Television Viewing Time With Cardiometabolic Risk Biomarkers: Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study 2004-2005’. Diabetes Care, 33(2), pp. 327–334.

1047 – Wijndaele, Katrien, Healy, Genevieve N., Dunstan, David W., Barnett, Adrian G., et al. (2010) ‘Increased Cardiometabolic Risk Is Associated with Increased TV Viewing Time’: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42(8), pp. 1511–1518.

1048 – Wijndaele, Katrien, Brage, Søren, Besson, Hervé, Khaw, Kay-Tee, et al. (2011) ‘Television viewing time independently predicts all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: the EPIC Norfolk Study’. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(1), pp. 150–159.

1049 – Bickham, David S., Hswen, Yulin and Rich, Michael (2015) ‘Media use and depression: exposure, household rules, and symptoms among young adolescents in the USA’. International Journal of Public Health, 60(2), pp. 147–155.

1050 – Primack, Brian A., Swanier, Brandi, Georgiopoulos, Anna M., Land, Stephanie R. and Fine, Michael J. (2009) ‘Association Between Media Use in Adolescence and Depression in Young Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study’. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66(2), pp. 181–188.

1051 – Maras, Danijela, Flament, Martine F., Murray, Marisa, Buchholz, Annick, et al. (2015) ‘Screen time is associated with depression and anxiety in Canadian youth’. Preventive Medicine, 73, pp. 133–138.

1052 – Hamer, Mark, Stamatakis, Emmanuel and Mishra, Gita (2009) ‘Psychological Distress, Television Viewing, and Physical Activity in Children Aged 4 to 12 Years’. Pediatrics, 123(5), pp. 1263–1268.

1053 – Cao, Hui, Qian, Qingwen, Weng, Tingting, Yuan, Changjiang, et al. (2011) ‘Screen time, physical activity and mental health among urban adolescents in China’. Preventive Medicine, 53(4), pp. 316–320.

1054 – Liu, Mingli, Ming, Qingsen, Yi, Jinyao, Wang, Xiang and Yao, Shuqiao (2016) ‘Screen Time on School Days and Risks for Psychiatric Symptoms and Self-Harm in Mainland Chinese Adolescents’. Frontiers in Psychology, 7. [online] Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00574/full (Accessed 9 January 2020)

1055 – McAnally, Helena M., Young, Tamara and Hancox, Robert J. (2019) ‘Childhood and adolescent television viewing and internalising disorders in adulthood’. Preventive Medicine Reports, 15, p. 100890.

1056 – Gidwani, P. P., Sobol, A., DeJong, W., Perrin, J. M. and Gortmaker, S. L. (2002) ‘Television Viewing and Initiation of Smoking Among Youth’. PEDIATRICS, 110(3), pp. 505–508.

1057 – Hancox, Robert J, Milne, Barry J and Poulton, Richie (2004) ‘Association between child and adolescent television viewing and adult health: a longitudinal birth cohort study’. The Lancet, 364(9430), pp. 257–262.

1058 – Goldberg, Marvin E. (2003) ‘American Media and the Smoking-related Behaviors of Asian Adolescents’. Journal of Advertising Research, 43(1), pp. 2–11.

1059 – Laugesen, Murray, Scragg, Robert, Wellman, Robert J. and DiFranza, Joseph R. (2007) ‘R-rated film viewing and adolescent smoking’. Preventive Medicine, 45(6), pp. 454–459.

1060 – Thrasher, James F., Jackson, Christine, Arillo-Santillán, Edna and Sargent, James D. (2008) ‘Exposure to Smoking Imagery in Popular Films and Adolescent Smoking in Mexico’. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 35(2), pp. 95–102.

1061 – Hunt, K., Sweeting, H., Sargent, J., Lewars, H., et al. (2008) ‘An examination of the association between seeing smoking in films and tobacco use in young adults in the west of Scotland: cross-sectional study’. Health Education Research, 24(1), pp. 22–31.

1062 – Song, Anna V., Ling, Pamela M., Neilands, Torsten B. and Glantz, Stanton A. (2007) ‘Smoking in Movies and Increased Smoking Among Young Adults’. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33(5), pp. 396–403.

1063 – Connolly, Gary M., Casswell, Sally, Zhang, Jia-Fang and Silva, Phil A. (1994) ‘Alcohol in the mass media and drinking by adolescents: a longitudinal study’. Addiction, 89(10), pp. 1255–1263.

1064 – Robinson, Thomas N., Chen, Helen L. and Killen, Joel D. (1998) ‘Television and Music Video Exposure and Risk of Adolescent Alcohol Use’. Pediatrics, 102(5), pp. e54–e54.

1065 – Anderson, P., de Bruijn, A., Angus, K., Gordon, R. and Hastings, G. (2009) ‘Impact of Alcohol Advertising and Media Exposure on Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies’. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 44(3), pp. 229–243.

1066 – Tanski, Susanne E., Dal Cin, Sonya, Stoolmiller, Mike and Sargent, James D. (2010) ‘Parental R-Rated Movie Restriction and Early-Onset Alcohol Use*’. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 71(3), pp. 452–459.

1067 – Dalton, M. A., Adachi-Mejia, A. M., Longacre, M. R., Titus-Ernstoff, L. T., et al. (2006) ‘Parental Rules and Monitoring of Children’s Movie Viewing Associated With Children’s Risk for Smoking and Drinking’. PEDIATRICS, 118(5), pp. 1932–1942.

1068 – Jackson, Christine, Brown, Jane D. and L’Engle, Kelly L. (2007) ‘R-Rated Movies, Bedroom Televisions, and Initiation of Smoking by White and Black Adolescents’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 161(3), p. 260.

1069 – Hanewinkel, Reiner, Morgenstern, Matthis, Tanski, Susanne E. and Sargent, James D. (2008) ‘Longitudinal study of parental movie restriction on teen smoking and drinking in Germany’. Addiction, 103(10), pp. 1722–1730.

1070 – Sargent, J. D. (2004) ‘Effect of Parental R-Rated Movie Restriction on Adolescent Smoking Initiation: A Prospective Study’. Pediatrics, 114(1), pp. 149–156.

1071 – Johnson, Jeffrey G., Cohen, Patricia, Kasen, Stephanie, First, Michael B. and Brook, Judith S. (2004) ‘Association Between Television Viewing and Sleep Problems During Adolescence and Early Adulthood’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 158(6), p. 562.

1072 – Li, Shenghui, Jin, Xinming, Wu, Shenghu, Jiang, Fan, et al. (2007) ‘The Impact of Media Use on Sleep Patterns and Sleep Disorders among School-Aged Children in China’. Sleep, 30(3), pp. 361–367.

1073 – Owens, Judith, Maxim, Rolanda, McGuinn, Melissa, Nobile, Chantelle, et al. (1999) ‘Television-viewing Habits and Sleep Disturbance in School Children’. Pediatrics, 104(3), pp. e27–e27.

1074 – Paavonen, E. Juulia, Pennonen, Marjo, Roine, Mira, Valkonen, Satu and Lahikainen, Anja Riitta (2006) ‘TV exposure associated with sleep disturbances in 5- to 6-year-old children’. Journal of Sleep Research, 15(2), pp. 154–161.

1075 – Sadeh, Avi, Gruber, Reut and Raviv, Amiram (2003) ‘The Effects of Sleep Restriction and Extension on School-Age Children: What a Difference an Hour Makes’. Child Development, 74(2), pp. 444–455.

1076 – Wolfson, Amy R and Carskadon, Mary A (2003) ‘Understanding adolescent’s sleep patterns and school performance: a critical appraisal’. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 7(6), pp. 491–506.

1077 – Asaoka, Shoichi, Fukuda, Kazuhiko, Tsutsui, Yuji and Yamazaki, Katuo (2007) ‘Does television viewing cause delayed and/or irregular sleep?wake patterns?’ Sleep and Biological Rhythms, 5(1), pp. 23–27.

1078 – Hitze, B, Bosy-Westphal, A, Bielfeldt, F, Settler, U, et al. (2009) ‘Determinants and impact of sleep duration in children and adolescents: data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study’. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63(6), pp. 739–746.

1079 – Nixon, Gillian M., Thompson, John M. D., Han, Dug Yeo, Becroft, David M., et al. (2008) ‘Short Sleep Duration in Middle Childhood: Risk Factors and Consequences’. Sleep, 31(1), pp. 71–78.

1080 – Spiegel, Karine (2008) ‘Sleep loss as a risk factor for obesity and diabetes’. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 3, pp. 27–28.

1081 – Spiegel, K. (2005) ‘Sleep loss: a novel risk factor for insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes’. Journal of Applied Physiology, 99(5), pp. 2008–2019.

1082 – Taveras, Elsie M., Rifas-Shiman, Sheryl L., Oken, Emily, Gunderson, Erica P. and Gillman, Matthew W. (2008) ‘Short Sleep Duration in Infancy and Risk of Childhood Overweight’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 162(4), p. 305.

1083 – von Kries, R, Toschke, A M, Wurmser, H, Sauerwald, T and Koletzko, B (2002) ‘Reduced risk for overweight and obesity in 5- and 6-y-old children by duration of sleep—a cross-sectional study’. International Journal of Obesity, 26(5), pp. 710–716.

1084 – Gangwisch, J. E., Heymsfield, S. B., Boden-Albala, B., Buijs, R. M., et al. (2006) ‘Short Sleep Duration as a Risk Factor for Hypertension: Analyses of the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey’. Hypertension, 47(5), pp. 833–839.

1085 – Gangwisch, James E., Babiss, Lindsay A., Malaspina, Dolores, Turner, Blake J., et al. (2010) ‘Earlier Parental Set Bedtimes as a Protective Factor Against Depression and Suicidal Ideation’. Sleep, 33(1), pp. 97–106.

1086 – Gottlieb, Daniel J., Redline, Susan, Nieto, F. Javier, Baldwin, Carol M., et al. (2006) ‘Association of Usual Sleep Duration With Hypertension: The Sleep Heart Health Study’. Sleep, 29(8), pp. 1009–1014.

1087 – Bryant, Penelope A., Trinder, John and Curtis, Nigel (2004) ‘Sick and tired: does sleep have a vital role in the immune system?’ Nature Reviews Immunology, 4(6), pp. 457–467.

1088 – Irwin, M, Mascovich, A, Gillin, J C, Willoughby, R, et al. (1994) ‘Partial sleep deprivation reduces natural killer cell activity in humans.’: Psychosomatic Medicine, 56(6), pp. 493–498.

1089 – Kakizaki, M, Kuriyama, S, Sone, T, Ohmori-Matsuda, K, et al. (2008) ‘Sleep duration and the risk of breast cancer: the Ohsaki Cohort Study’. British Journal of Cancer, 99(9), pp. 1502–1505.

1090 – Sephton, Sandra and Spiegel, David (2003) ‘Circadian disruption in cancer: a neuroendocrine-immune pathway from stress to disease?’ Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 17(5), pp. 321–328.

1091 – Peirano, Patricio D and Algarín, Cecilia R (2007) ‘Sleep in brain development’. Biological Research, 40(4). [online] Available from: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-97602007000500008&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en (Accessed 8 August 2017)

1092 – Liu, Xianchen (2004) ‘Sleep and Adolescent Suicidal Behavior’. Sleep, 27(7), pp. 1351–1358.

1093 – Roehrs, T., Hyde, M., Blaisdell, B, Greenwald, M. and Roth, T. (2006) ‘Sleep loss and REM sleep loss are hyperalgesic.’ Sleep, 29(2), pp. 145–151.

1094 – O’Brien, Louise M. (2009) ‘The Neurocognitive Effects of Sleep Disruption in Children and Adolescents’. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 18(4), pp. 813–823.

1095 – Fallone, Gahan, Owens, Judith A. and Deane, Jennifer (2002) ‘Sleepiness in children and adolescents: clinical implications’. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 6(4), pp. 287–306.

1096 – Dahl, Ronald E. (1996) ‘The impact of inadequate sleep on children’s daytime cognitive function’. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, 3(1), pp. 44–50.

1097 – Hoffman, Kari L and McNaughton, Bruce L (2002) ‘Sleep on it: cortical reorganization after-the-fact’. Trends in Neurosciences, 25(1), pp. 1–2.

1098 – Maquet, P. (2001) ‘The Role of Sleep in Learning and Memory’. Science, 294(5544), pp. 1048–1052.

1099 – Haapasalo, Jaana (2001) ‘How do young offenders describe their parents?’ Legal and Criminological Psychology, 6(1), pp. 103–120.

1100 – Schaffer, Megan, Clark, Stephanie and Jeglic, Elizabeth L. (2009) ‘The Role of Empathy and Parenting Style in the Development of Antisocial Behaviors’. Crime & Delinquency, 55(4), pp. 586–599.

1101 – Fletcher, Anne C., Steinberg, Laurence and Sellers, Elizabeth B. (1999) ‘Adolescents’ Well-Being as a Function of Perceived Interparental Consistency’. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61(3), p. 599.

1102 – Steinberg, Laurence, Blatt-Eisengart, Ilana and Cauffman, Elizabeth (2006) ‘Patterns of Competence and Adjustment Among Adolescents from Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, and Neglectful Homes: A Replication in a Sample of Serious Juvenile Offenders’. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16(1), pp. 47–58.

1103 – Dwairy, Marwan (2004) ‘Parenting Styles and Mental Health of Palestinian–Arab Adolescents in Israel’. Transcultural Psychiatry, 41(2), pp. 233–252.

1104 – Dwairy, Marwan and Menshar, Kariman E. (2006) ‘Parenting style, individuation, and mental health of Egyptian adolescents’. Journal of Adolescence, 29(1), pp. 103–117.

1105 – Lamborn, S.D., Dornbusch, S.M. and Steinberg, L. (1996) ‘Ethnicity and Community Context as Moderators of the Relations between Family Decision Making and Adolescent Adjustment’. Child Development, 67(2), pp. 283–301.

1106 – Hoff, Erika, Laursen, Brett and Tardif, Twila (2002) ‘Socioeconomic status and parenting.’, in Handbook of parenting: Biology and ecology of parenting, Vol. 2, 2nd ed., Mahwah, NJ, US, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, pp. 231–252.

1107 – Pong, Suet-ling, Johnston, Jamie and Chen, Vivien (2010) ‘Authoritarian Parenting and Asian Adolescent School Performance: Insights from the US and Taiwan’. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 34(1), pp. 62–72.

1108 – Leung, Kwok, Lau, Sing and Lam, Wai-Lim (1998) ‘Parenting Styles and Academic Achievement: A Cross-Cultural Study’. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 44(2), pp. 157–172.

1109 – Chao, Ruth K. (2001) ‘Extending Research on the Consequences of Parenting Style for Chinese Americans and European Americans’. Child Development, 72(6), pp. 1832–1843.

1110 – Bean, Arthur W. and Roberts, Mark W. (1981) ‘The effect of time-out release contingencies on changes in child noncompliance’. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 9(1), pp. 95–105.

1111 – Day, Dan E. and Roberts, Mark W. (1983) ‘An analysis of the physical punishment component of a parent training program’. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 11(1), pp. 141–152.

1112 – Roberts, Mark W. (1988) ‘Enforcing Chair Timeouts with Room Timeouts’. Behavior Modification, 12(3), pp. 353–370.

1113 – Roberts, Mark W. and Powers, Scott W. (1990) ‘Adjusting chair timeout enforcement procedures for oppositional children’. Behavior Therapy, 21(3), pp. 257–271.

1114 – Gershoff, Elizabeth Thompson (2002) ‘Corporal punishment by parents and associated child behaviors and experiences: A meta-analytic and theoretical review.’ Psychological Bulletin, 128(4), pp. 539–579.

1115 – Paolucci, Elizabeth Oddone and Violato, Claudio (2004) ‘A Meta-Analysis of the Published Research on the Affective, Cognitive, and Behavioral Effects of Corporal Punishment’. The Journal of Psychology, 138(3), pp. 197–222.

1116 – Larzelere, Robert E. and Kuhn, Brett R. (2005) ‘Comparing Child Outcomes of Physical Punishment and Alternative Disciplinary Tactics: A Meta-Analysis’. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 8(1), pp. 1–37.

1117 – Ferguson, Christopher J. (2013) ‘Spanking, corporal punishment and negative long-term outcomes: A meta-analytic review of longitudinal studies’. Clinical Psychology Review, 33(1), pp. 196–208.

1118 – Gershoff, Elizabeth T. and Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew (2016) ‘Spanking and child outcomes: Old controversies and new meta-analyses.’ Journal of Family Psychology, 30(4), pp. 453–469.

1119 – Grogan-Kaylor, A. (2004) ‘The effect of corporal punishment on antisocial behavior in children’. Social Work Research, 28(3), pp. 153–162.

1120 – Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew (2005) ‘Corporal Punishment and the Growth Trajectory of Children’s Antisocial Behavior’. Child Maltreatment, 10(3), pp. 283–292.

1121 – Gunnoe, Marjorie Lindner (1997) ‘Toward a Developmental-Contextual Model of the Effects of Parental Spanking on Children’s Aggression’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 151(8), p. 768.

1122 – Larzelere, Robert E, Cox, Ronald B and Smith, Gail L (2010) ‘Do nonphysical punishments reduce antisocial behavior more than spanking? a comparison using the strongest previous causal evidence against spanking’. BMC Pediatrics, 10(1). [online] Available from: http://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2431-10-10 (Accessed 13 September 2017)

1123 – Olson, Sheryl L., Lopez-Duran, Nestor, Lunkenheimer, Erika S., Chang, Hyein and Sameroff, Arnold J. (2011) ‘Individual differences in the development of early peer aggression: Integrating contributions of self-regulation, theory of mind, and parenting’. Development and Psychopathology, 23(01), pp. 253–266.

1124 – Weiss, Bahr, Dodge, Kenneth A., Bates, John E. and Pettit, Gregory S. (1992) ‘Some Consequences of Early Harsh Discipline: Child Aggression and a Maladaptive Social Information Processing Style’. Child Development, 63(6), pp. 1321–1335.

1125 – Berlin, Lisa J., Ispa, Jean M., Fine, Mark A., Malone, Patrick S., et al. (2009) ‘Correlates and Consequences of Spanking and Verbal Punishment for Low-Income White, African American, and Mexican American Toddlers’. Child Development, 80(5), pp. 1403–1420.

1126 – Maguire-Jack, Kathryn, Gromoske, Andrea N. and Berger, Lawrence M. (2012) ‘Spanking and Child Development During the First 5 Years of Life: Early Spanking and Child Development’. Child Development, 83(6), pp. 1960–1977.

1127 – Gershoff, Elizabeth T., Lansford, Jennifer E., Sexton, Holly R., Davis-Kean, Pamela and Sameroff, Arnold J. (2012) ‘Longitudinal Links Between Spanking and Children’s Externalizing Behaviors in a National Sample of White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian American Families: Spanking and Externalizing Behavior’. Child Development, 83(3), pp. 838–843.

1128 – Wang, Ming-Te and Kenny, Sarah (2014) ‘Parental Physical Punishment and Adolescent Adjustment: Bidirectionality and the Moderation Effects of Child Ethnicity and Parental Warmth’. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42(5), pp. 717–730.

1129 – Kazdin, Alan E. and Benjet, Corina (2003) ‘Spanking Children: Evidence and Issues’. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12(3), pp. 99–103.

1130 – UNICEF (1989) Convention internationale desdroits de l’enfant,

1131 – Global Initiative to End Corporal Punishment (2019) Global report 2019. Progress towards ending corporal punishment of children,

1132 – Larzelere, Robert E., Cox, Ronald B. and Swindle, Taren M. (2015) ‘Many Replications Do Not Causal Inferences Make: The Need for Critical Replications to Test Competing Explanations of Nonrandomized Studies’. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(3), pp. 380–389.

1133 – Larzelere, R.E., Kuhn, B.R. and Johnson, B. (2004) ‘The Intervention Selection Bias: An Underrecognized Confound in Intervention Research’. Psychological Bulletin, 130(2), pp. 289–303.

1134 – Okuzono, Sakurako, Fujiwara, Takeo, Kato, Tsuguhiko and Kawachi, Ichiro (2017) ‘Spanking and subsequent behavioral problems in toddlers: A propensity score-matched, prospective study in Japan’. Child Abuse & Neglect, 69, pp. 62–71.

1135 – Gershoff, E. T., Goodman, G. S., Miller-Perrin, C. L., Holden, G. W., et al. (2018) ‘The strength of the causal evidence against physical punishment of children and its implications for parents, psychologists, and policymakers.’ The American psychologist, 73(5), pp. 626–638.

1136 – Rohner, Ronald P. and Melendez-Rhodes, Tatiana (2019) ‘Perceived parental acceptance−rejection mediates or moderates the relation between corporal punishment and psychological adjustment: Comment on Gershoff et al (2018)’. American Psychologist, 74(4), pp. 500–502.

1137 – Larzelere, Robert E., Gunnoe, Marjorie Lindner, Ferguson, Christopher J. and Roberts, Mark W. (2019) ‘The insufficiency of the evidence used to categorically oppose spanking and its implications for families and psychological science: Comment on Gershoff et al. (2018)’. The American Psychologist, 74(4), pp. 497–499.

1138 – Gershoff, E.T, Goodman, G.S., Miller-Perrin, C., Holden, G.W., et al. (2019) ‘There is still no evidence that physical punishment is effective or beneficial: Reply to Larzelere, Gunnoe, Ferguson, and Roberts (2019) and Rohner and Melendez-Rhodes (2019)’. The American Psychologist, 74(4), pp. 503–505.

1139 – Simons, Dominique A. and Wurtele, Sandy K. (2010) ‘Relationships between parents’ use of corporal punishment and their children’s endorsement of spanking and hitting other children’. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(9), pp. 639–646.

1140 – Ma, Julie, Han, Yoonsun, Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew, Delva, Jorge and Castillo, Marcela (2012) ‘Corporal punishment and youth externalizing behavior in Santiago, Chile’. Child Abuse & Neglect, 36(6), pp. 481–490.

1141 – Holden, George W., Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew, Durrant, Joan E. and Gershoff, Elizabeth T. (2017) ‘Researchers Deserve a Better Critique: Response to Larzelere, Gunnoe, Roberts, and Ferguson (2017)’. Marriage & Family Review, 53(5), pp. 465–490.

1142 – Sanders, Matthew R. (1999) ‘Triple P-Positive Parenting Program: Towards an Empirically Validated Multilevel Parenting and Family Support Strategy for the Prevention of Behavior and Emotional Problems in Children’. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 2(2), pp. 71–90.

1143 – Sanders, Matthew R., Kirby, James N., Tellegen, Cassandra L. and Day, Jamin J. (2014) ‘The Triple P-Positive Parenting Program: A systematic review and meta-analysis of a multi-level system of parenting support’. Clinical Psychology Review, 34(4), pp. 337–357.

1144 – Nowak, Christoph and Heinrichs, Nina (2008) ‘A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis of Triple P-Positive Parenting Program Using Hierarchical Linear Modeling: Effectiveness and Moderating Variables’. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 11(3), pp. 114–144.

1145 – Webster-Stratton, Carolyn, Reid, M. Jamila and Beauchaine, Theodore P. (2013) ‘One-Year Follow-Up of Combined Parent and Child Intervention for Young Children with ADHD’. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42(2), pp. 251–261.

1146 – Leijten, Patty, Gardner, Frances, Landau, Sabine, Harris, Victoria, et al. (2017) ‘Research Review: Harnessing the power of individual participant data in a meta-analysis of the benefits and harms of the Incredible Years parenting program’. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. [online] Available from: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jcpp.12781 (Accessed 13 September 2017)

1147 – Boggs, Stephen R., Eyberg, Sheila M., Edwards, Daniel L., Rayfield, Arista, et al. (2005) ‘Outcomes of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: A Comparison of Treatment Completers and Study Dropouts One to Three Years Later’. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 26(4), pp. 1–22.

1148 – Funderburk, Beverly W., Eyberg, Sheila M., Newcomb, Katharine, McNeil, Cheryl B., et al. (1998) ‘Parent-Child Interaction Therapy with Behavior Problem Children: Maintenance of Treatment Effects in the School Setting’. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 20(2), pp. 17–38.

1149 – Eyberg, Sheila M., Nelson, Melanie M. and Boggs, Stephen R. (2008) ‘Evidence-Based Psychosocial Treatments for Children and Adolescents With Disruptive Behavior’. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 37(1), pp. 215–237.

1150 – Nixon, Reginald D. V., Sweeney, Lynne, Erickson, Deborah B. and Touyz, Stephen W. (2003) ‘Parent-child interaction therapy: A comparison of standard and abbreviated treatments for oppositional defiant preschoolers.’ Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71(2), pp. 251–260.

1151 – Schuhmann, Elena M., Foote, Rebecca C., Eyberg, Sheila M., Boggs, Stephen R. and Algina, James (1998) ‘Efficacy of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Interim Report of a Randomized Trial with Short-Term Maintenance’. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 27(1), pp. 34–45.

1152 – Talwar, Victoria, Arruda, Cindy and Yachison, Sarah (2015) ‘The effects of punishment and appeals for honesty on children’s truth-telling behavior’. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 130, pp. 209–217.

1153 – Gartrell, Daniel (2002) ‘Replacing Time-Out: Part Two–Using Guidance To Maintain an Encouraging Classroom’. Young Children, 57(2), pp. 36–43.

1154 – Schreiber, Mary Ellis (1999) ‘Time-Outs for Toddlers: Is Our Goal Punishment or Education?’ Young Children, 54(4), pp. 22–25.

1155 – Riley, Andrew R., Wagner, David V., Tudor, Megan E., Zuckerman, Katharine E. and Freeman, Kurt A. (2017) ‘A Survey of Parents’ Perceptions and Use of Time-out Compared to Empirical Evidence’. Academic Pediatrics, 17(2), pp. 168–175.

1156 – Drayton, Amy K., Andersen, Melissa N., Knight, Rachel M., Felt, Barbara T., et al. (2014) ‘Internet Guidance on Time Out: Inaccuracies, Omissions, and What to Tell Parents Instead’. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 35(4), pp. 239–246.

1157 – Morawska, Alina and Sanders, Matthew (2011) ‘Parental Use of Time Out Revisited: A Useful or Harmful Parenting Strategy?’ Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20(1), pp. 1–8.

1158 – Trenholme, Irene A and Baron, Alan (1975) ‘Immediate and delayed punishment of human behavior by loss of reinforcement’. Learning and Motivation, 6(1), pp. 62–79.

1159 – Everett, G. E., Hupp, S. D. A. and Olmi, D. J. (2010) ‘Time-out with Parents: A Descriptive Analysis of 30 Years of Research’. Education and Treatment of Children, 33(2), pp. 235–259.

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1166 – Booker, Jordan A., Ollendick, Thomas H., Dunsmore, Julie C. and Greene, Ross W. (2016) ‘Perceived Parent–Child Relations, Conduct Problems, and Clinical Improvement Following the Treatment of Oppositional Defiant Disorder’. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(5), pp. 1623–1633.

1167 – Greene, Ross W., Ablon, J. Stuart and Martin, Andrés (2006) ‘Use of Collaborative Problem Solving to Reduce Seclusion and Restraint in Child and Adolescent Inpatient Units.’ Psychiatric Services, 57(5), pp. 610–612.

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1170 – Rosenberg, Marshall and Chopra, Deepak (2015) Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Life, 3rd Edition: Life-Changing Tools for Healthy Relationships, PuddleDancer Press.

1171 – Larzelere, Robert E., Gunnoe, Marjorie Lindner, Roberts, Mark W. and Ferguson, Christopher J. (2017) ‘Children and Parents Deserve Better Parental Discipline Research: Critiquing the Evidence for Exclusively “Positive” Parenting’. Marriage & Family Review, 53(1), pp. 24–35.

1172 – Dovey, T. M., Staples, P. A., Gibson, E. L. and Halford, J. C. G. (2008) ‘Food neophobia and “picky/fussy” eating in children: A review’. Appetite, 50(2–3), pp. 181–193.

1173 – Lafraire, Jérémie, Rioux, Camille, Giboreau, Agnès and Picard, Delphine (2016) ‘Food rejections in children: Cognitive and social/environmental factors involved in food neophobia and picky/fussy eating behavior’. Appetite, 96, pp. 347–357.

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1176 – Okubo, Hitomi, Miyake, Yoshihiro, Sasaki, Satoshi, Tanaka, Keiko and Hirota, Yoshio (2016) ‘Early sugar-sweetened beverage consumption frequency is associated with poor quality of later food and nutrient intake patterns among Japanese young children: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study’. Nutrition Research, 36(6), pp. 594–602.

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1179 – Shutts, Kristin, Condry, Kirsten F., Santos, Laurie R. and Spelke, Elizabeth S. (2009) ‘Core knowledge and its limits: The domain of food’. Cognition, 112(1), pp. 120–140.

1180 – Rozin, Paul, Hammer, Larry, Oster, Harriet, Horowitz, Talia and Marmora, Veronica (1986) ‘The child’s conception of food: Differentiation of categories of rejected substances in the 16 months to 5 year age range’. Appetite, 7(2), pp. 141–151.

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1182 – Woo Baidal, Jennifer A., Locks, Lindsey M., Cheng, Erika R., Blake-Lamb, Tiffany L., et al. (2016) ‘Risk Factors for Childhood Obesity in the First 1,000 Days: A Systematic Review’. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 50(6), pp. 761–779.

1183 – Addessi, E., Galloway, A. T., Visalberghi, E. and Birch, Leann L. (2005) ‘Specific social influences on the acceptance of novel foods in 2-5-year-old children’. Appetite, 45(3), pp. 264–271.

1184 – Sanders, Matthew, Patel, Rinu, Grice, Bonny Le and Shepherd, Ross (1993) ‘Children With Persistent Feeding Difficulties: An Observational Analysis of the Feeding Interactions of Problem and Non-Problem Eaters’. Health Psychology, 12(1), pp. 64–73.

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1186 – Johnson, Susan L., Davies, Patricia L., Boles, Richard E., Gavin, William J. and Bellows, Laura L. (2015) ‘Young Children’s Food Neophobia Characteristics and Sensory Behaviors Are Related to Their Food Intake’. The Journal of Nutrition, 145(11), pp. 2610–2616.

1187 – Perry, Rebecca A., Mallan, Kimberley M., Koo, Jasly, Mauch, Chelsea E., et al. (2015) ‘Food neophobia and its association with diet quality and weight in children aged 24 months: a cross sectional study’. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12(1), p. 13.

1188 – Taylor, Caroline M., Northstone, Kate, Wernimont, Susan M. and Emmett, Pauline M. (2016) ‘Macro- and micronutrient intakes in picky eaters: a cause for concern?’ The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 104(6), pp. 1647–1656.

1189 – Pliner, P. and Loewen, E. (1997) ‘Temperament and food neophobia in children and their mothers.’ Appetite, 28(3), pp. 239–254.

1190 – Haycraft, Emma, Farrow, Claire, Meyer, Caroline, Powell, Faye and Blissett, Jackie (2011) ‘Relationships between temperament and eating behaviours in young children’. Appetite, 56(3), pp. 689–692.

1191 – Galloway, A. T., Lee, Y. and Birch, L. L. (2003) ‘Predictors and consequences of food neophobia and pickiness in young girls’. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 103(6), pp. 692–698.

1192 – Coulthard, Helen and Blissett, Jackie (2009) ‘Fruit and vegetable consumption in children and their mothers. Moderating effects of child sensory sensitivity’. Appetite, 52(2), pp. 410–415.

1193 – Monnery-Patris, Sandrine, Wagner, Sandra, Rigal, Natalie, Schwartz, Camille, et al. (2015) ‘Smell differential reactivity, but not taste differential reactivity, is related to food neophobia in toddlers’. Appetite, 95, pp. 303–309.

1194 – Bunce, C. and Gibson, E. L. (2012) ‘Sniffing, eating and disgust in food neophobic children’. Appetite, 59(2), p. 622.

1195 – Caton, Samantha J., Blundell, Pam, Ahern, Sara M., Nekitsing, Chandani, et al. (2014) ‘Learning to eat vegetables in early life: the role of timing, age and individual eating traits’. PLoS ONE, 9(5), p. np.

1196 – Maier, Andrea S., Chabanet, Claire, Schaal, Benoist, Leathwood, Peter D. and Issanchou, Sylvie N. (2008) ‘Breastfeeding and experience with variety early in weaning increase infants’ acceptance of new foods for up to two months’. Clinical Nutrition, 27(6), pp. 849–857.

1197 – Hausner, Helene, Nicklaus, Sophie, Issanchou, Sylvie, Mølgaard, Christian and Møller, Per (2009) ‘Breastfeeding facilitates acceptance of a novel dietary flavour compound’. e-SPEN, the European e-Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, 4(5), pp. e231–e238.

1198 – Delaunay-ElAllam, Maryse, Soussignan, Robert, Patris, Bruno, Marlier, Luc and Schaal, Benoist (2010) ‘Long-lasting memory for an odor acquired at the mother’s breast’. Developmental Science, 13(6), pp. 849–863.

1199 – Nicklaus, Sophie (2016) ‘The role of food experiences during early childhood in food pleasure learning’. Appetite, 104, pp. 3–9.

1200 – Nicklaus, Sophie (2011) ‘Children’s acceptance of new foods at weaning. Role of practices of weaning and of food sensory properties’. Appetite, 57(3), pp. 812–815.

1201 – Gerrish, C. J. and Mennella, J. A. (2001) ‘Flavor variety enhances food acceptance in formula-fed infants’. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 73, pp. 1080–1085.

1202 – Heath, Philippa, Houston-Price, Carmel and Kennedy, Orla B. (2011) ‘Increasing food familiarity without the tears. A role for visual exposure?’ Appetite, 57(3), pp. 832–838.

1203 – McFarlane, T. and Pliner, P. (1997) ‘Increasing willingness to taste novel foods: effects of nutrition and taste information’. Appetite, 28(3), pp. 227–238.

1204 – Woo, Taejung and Lee, Kyung-Hea (2013) ‘Effects of sensory education based on classroom activities for lower grade school children’. Nutrition Research and Practice, 7(4), pp. 336–341.

1205 – Battjes-Fries, Marieke C. E., Haveman-Nies, Annemien, van Dongen, Ellen J. I., Meester, Hante J., et al. (2016) ‘Effectiveness of Taste Lessons with and without additional experiential learning activities on children’s psychosocial determinants of vegetables consumption’. Appetite, 105, pp. 519–526.

1206 – Battjes-Fries, Marieke CE, Haveman-Nies, Annemien, Renes, Reint-Jan, Meester, Hante J. and Veer, Pieter van ’t (2015) ‘Effect of the Dutch school-based education programme “Taste Lessons” on behavioural determinants of taste acceptance and healthy eating: a quasi-experimental study’. Public Health Nutrition, 18(12), pp. 2231–2241.

1207 – Houston-Price, Carmel, Burton, Eliza, Hickinson, Rachel, Inett, Jade, et al. (2009) ‘Picture book exposure elicits positive visual preferences in toddlers’. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 104(1), pp. 89–104.

1208 – Byrne, Elena and Nitzke, Susan (2002) ‘Preschool Children’s Acceptance of a Novel Vegetable Following Exposure to Messages in a Storybook’. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 34(4), pp. 211–214.

1209 – Nanney, Marilyn S., Johnson, Sheldon, Elliott, Michael and Haire-Joshu, Debra (2007) ‘Frequency of Eating Homegrown Produce Is Associated with Higher Intake among Parents and Their Preschool-Aged Children in Rural Missouri’. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(4), pp. 577–584.

1210 – Robinson-O’Brien, Ramona, Story, Mary and Heim, Stephanie (2009) ‘Impact of Garden-Based Youth Nutrition Intervention Programs: A Review’. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(2), pp. 273–280.

1211 – Jaenke, Rachael L., Collins, Clare E., Morgan, Philip J., Lubans, David R., et al. (2012) ‘The Impact of a School Garden and Cooking Program on Boys’ and Girls’ Fruit and Vegetable Preferences, Taste Rating, and Intake’. Health Education & Behavior, 39(2), pp. 131–141.

1212 – Morgan, Philip J., Warren, Janet M., Lubans, David R., Saunders, Kristen L., et al. (2010) ‘The impact of nutrition education with and without a school garden on knowledge, vegetable intake and preferences and quality of school life among primary-school students’. Public Health Nutrition, 13(11), pp. 1931–1940.

1213 – Davis, Jaimie N., Martinez, Lauren C., Spruijt-Metz, Donna and Gatto, Nicole M. (2016) ‘LA Sprouts: A 12-Week Gardening, Nutrition, and Cooking Randomized Control Trial Improves Determinants of Dietary Behaviors’. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 48(1), pp. 2-11.e1.

1214 – Langellotto, Gail A. and Gupta, Abha (2012) ‘Gardening Increases Vegetable Consumption in School-aged Children: A Meta-analytical Synthesis’. HortTechnology, 22(4), pp. 430–445.

1215 – Dazeley, Paul and Houston-Price, Carmel (2015) ‘Exposure to foods’ non-taste sensory properties. A nursery intervention to increase children’s willingness to try fruit and vegetables’. Appetite, 84, pp. 1–6.

1216 – Dazeley, Paul, Houston-Price, Carmel and Hill, Claire (2012) ‘Should healthy eating programmes incorporate interaction with foods in different sensory modalities? A review of the evidence’. British Journal of Nutrition, 108(5), pp. 769–777.

1217 – Coulthard, Helen and Thakker, Dipti (2015) ‘Enjoyment of Tactile Play Is Associated with Lower Food Neophobia in Preschool Children’. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 115(7), pp. 1134–1140.

1218 – Coulthard, Helen and Sahota, Simran (2016) ‘Food neophobia and enjoyment of tactile play: Associations between preschool children and their parents’. Appetite, 97, pp. 155–159.

1219 – Coulthard, Helen and Sealy, Annemarie (2017) ‘Play with your food! Sensory play is associated with tasting of fruits and vegetables in preschool children’. Appetite, 113, pp. 84–90.

1220 – Reverdy, C., Chesnel, F., Schlich, P., Köster, E. P. and Lange, C. (2008) ‘Effect of sensory education on willingness to taste novel food in children’. Appetite, 51(1), pp. 156–165.

1221 – Mustonen, Sari, Rantanen, Reetta and Tuorila, Hely (2009) ‘Effect of sensory education on school children’s food perception: A 2-year follow-up study’. Food Quality and Preference, 20(3), pp. 230–240.

1222 – Mustonen, Sari and Tuorila, Hely (2010) ‘Sensory education decreases food neophobia score and encourages trying unfamiliar foods in 8–12-year-old children’. Food Quality and Preference, 21(4), pp. 353–360.

1223 – Park, Bo-Kyung and Cho, Mi-Sook (2016) ‘Taste education reduces food neophobia and increases willingness to try novel foods in school children’. Nutrition Research and Practice, 10(2), pp. 221–228.

1224 – Allirot, Xavier, da Quinta, Noelia, Chokupermal, Krithika and Urdaneta, Elena (2016) ‘Involving children in cooking activities: A potential strategy for directing food choices toward novel foods containing vegetables’. Appetite, 103, pp. 275–285.

1225 – van der Horst, Klazine, Ferrage, Aurore and Rytz, Andreas (2014) ‘Involving children in meal preparation. Effects on food intake’. Appetite, 79, pp. 18–24.

1226 – Sullivan, S. A. and Birch, L. L. (1994) ‘Infant dietary experience and acceptance of solid foods’. Pediatrics, 93(2), pp. 271–277.

1227 – Birch, L. L., Gunder, L., Grimm-Thomas, K. and Laing, D. G. (1998) ‘Infants’ consumption of a new food enhances acceptance of similar foods’. Appetite, 30(3), pp. 283–295.

1228 – Maier, Andrea, Chabanet, Claire, Schaal, Benoist, Issanchou, Sylvie and Leathwood, Peter (2007) ‘Effects of repeated exposure on acceptance of initially disliked vegetables in 7-month old infants’. Food Quality and Preference, 18(8), pp. 1023–1032.

1229 – Mennella, Julie A., Nicklaus, Sophie, Jagolino, Amanda L. and Yourshaw, Lauren M. (2008) ‘Variety is the spice of life: Strategies for promoting fruit and vegetable acceptance during infancy’. Physiology & Behavior, 94(1), pp. 29–38.

1230 – Maier-Nöth, Andrea, Schaal, Benoist, Leathwood, Peter and Issanchou, Sylvie (2016) ‘The Lasting Influences of Early Food-Related Variety Experience: A Longitudinal Study of Vegetable Acceptance from 5 Months to 6 Years in Two Populations’. PLoS ONE, 11(3). [online] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4788196/ (Accessed 4 February 2020)

1231 – Birch, L. L., McPhee, L., Shoba, B. C., Pirok, E. and Steinberg, L. (1987) ‘What kind of exposure reduces children’s food neophobia?: looking vs. tasting’. Appetite, 9(3), pp. 171–178.

1232 – Wardle, Jane, Cooke, Lucy J, Gibson, E. Leigh, Sapochnik, Manuela, et al. (2003) ‘Increasing children’s acceptance of vegetables; a randomized trial of parent-led exposure’. Appetite, 40(2), pp. 155–162.

1233 – Wardle, J., Herrera, M. L., Cooke, L. and Gibson, E. L. (2003) ‘Modifying children’s food preferences: The effects of exposure and reward on acceptance of an unfamiliar vegetable’. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(2), pp. 341–348.

1234 – Mustonen, Sari, Oerlemans, Patty and Tuorila, Hely (2012) ‘Familiarity with and affective responses to foods in 8–11-year-old children. The role of food neophobia and parental education’. Appetite, 58(3), pp. 777–780.

1235 – Loewen, R. and Pliner, P. (1999) ‘Effects of prior exposure to palatable and unpalatable novel foods on children’s willingness to taste other novel foods’. Appetite, 32(3), pp. 351–366.

1236 – Mennella, Julie A., Nicklaus, Sophie, Jagolino, Amanda L. and Yourshaw, Lauren M. (2008) ‘Variety is the spice of life: Strategies for promoting fruit and vegetable acceptance during infancy’. Physiology & Behavior, 94(1), pp. 29–38.

1237 – Haire-Joshu, Debra, Elliott, Michael B., Caito, Nicole M., Hessler, Kimberly, et al. (2008) ‘High 5 for Kids: The impact of a home visiting program on fruit and vegetable intake of parents and their preschool children’. Preventive Medicine, 47(1), pp. 77–82.

1238 – Wind, Marianne, de Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, te Velde, Saskia J., Sandvik, Camilla, et al. (2006) ‘Correlates of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Among 11-Year-Old Belgian-Flemish and Dutch Schoolchildren’. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 38(4), pp. 211–221.

1239 – Blissett, Jackie, Bennett, Carmel, Fogel, Anna, Harris, Gillian and Higgs, Suzanne (2016) ‘Parental modelling and prompting effects on acceptance of a novel fruit in 2–4-year-old children are dependent on children’s food responsiveness’. British Journal of Nutrition, 115(3), pp. 554–564.

1240 – Harper, L. V. and Sanders, K. M. (10) ‘The effect of adults’ eating on young children’s acceptance of unfamiliar foods’. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 20(2), pp. 206–214.

1241 – Hendy, H. M. and Raudenbush, B. (2000) ‘Effectiveness of teacher modeling to encourage food acceptance in preschool children’. Appetite, 34(1), pp. 61–76.

1242 – Frazier, Brandy N., Gelman, Susan A., Kaciroti, Niko, Russell, Joshua W. and Lumeng, Julie C. (2012) ‘I’ll have what she’s having: the impact of model characteristics on children’s food choices’. Developmental Science, 15(1), pp. 87–98.

1243 – Bevelander, Kirsten E., Anschütz, Doeschka J. and Engels, Rutger C. M. E. (2012) ‘The effect of a fictitious peer on young children’s choice of familiar v. unfamiliar low- and high-energy-dense foods’. British Journal of Nutrition, 108(6), pp. 1126–1133.

1244 – Birch, Leann L. (1980) ‘Effects of Peer Models’ Food Choices and Eating Behaviors on Preschoolers’ Food Preferences’. Child Development, 51(2), pp. 489–496.

1245 – Hendy, H. M. (2002) ‘Effectiveness of trained peer models to encourage food acceptance in preschool children’. Appetite, 39(3), pp. 217–225.

1246 – Lowe, C. F., Horne, P. J., Tapper, K., Bowdery, M. and Egerton, C. (2004) ‘Effects of a peer modelling and rewards-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children’. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58(3), pp. 510–522.

1247 – Laureati, Monica, Bergamaschi, Valentina and Pagliarini, Ella (2014) ‘School-based intervention with children. Peer-modeling, reward and repeated exposure reduce food neophobia and increase liking of fruits and vegetables’. Appetite, 83, pp. 26–32.

1248 – Correia, Danielle C.S., O’Connell, Meghan, Irwin, Melinda L. and Henderson, Kathryn E. (2014) ‘Pairing Vegetables with a Liked Food and Visually Appealing Presentation: Promising Strategies for Increasing Vegetable Consumption among Preschoolers’. Childhood Obesity, 10(1), pp. 72–76.

1249 – Zampollo, Francesca, Kniffin, Kevin M., Wansink, Brian and Shimizu, Mitsuru (2012) ‘Food plating preferences of children: the importance of presentation on desire for diversity’. Acta Paediatrica, 101(1), pp. 61–66.

1250 – Olsen, Annemarie, Ritz, Christian, Kramer, Lisbet and Møller, Per (2012) ‘Serving styles of raw snack vegetables. What do children want?’ Appetite, 59(2), pp. 556–562.

1251 – Carruth, B. R., Ziegler, P. J., Gordon, A. and Barr, S. I. (2004) ‘Prevalence of picky eaters among infants and toddlers and their caregivers’ decisions about offering a new food’. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104(Supplement 1), pp. 57–64.

1252 – De Moura, S. L. (2007) ‘Determinants of food rejection amongst school children’. Appetite, 49(3), pp. 716–719.

1253 – Brown, S. D., Harris, G., Bell, L. and Lines, L. M. (2012) ‘Disliked food acting as a contaminant in a sample of young children’. Appetite, 58(3), pp. 991–996.

1254 – Maimaran, Michal and Fishbach, Ayelet (2014) ‘If It’s Useful and You Know It, Do You Eat? Preschoolers Refrain from Instrumental Food’. Journal of Consumer Research, 41(3), pp. 642–655.

1255 – Miller, Elizabeth G., Seiders, Kathleen, Kenny, Maureen and Walsh, Mary E. (2011) ‘Children’s use of on-package nutritional claim information’. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 10(3), pp. 122–132.

1256 – Wardle, Jane and Huon, Gail (2000) ‘An experimental investigation of the influence of health information on children’s taste preferences’. Health Education Research, 15(1), pp. 39–44.

1257 – Martins, Y., Pelchat, M. L. and Pliner, P. (1997) ‘ »Try it; it’s good and it’s good for you « : effects of taste and nutrition information on willingness to try novel foods’. Appetite, 28(2), pp. 89–102.

1258 – Pelchat, M. L. and Pliner, P. (4) ‘“Try it. You’ll like it”. Effects of information on willingness to try novel foods’. Appetite, 24(2), pp. 153–165.

1259 – Cassells, Erin L., Magarey, Anthea M., Daniels, Lynne A. and Mallan, Kimberley M. (2014) ‘The influence of maternal infant feeding practices and beliefs on the expression of food neophobia in toddlers’. Appetite, 82, pp. 36–42.

1260 – Fisher, J. O., Mitchell, D. C., Wright, H. S. and Birch, L. L. (2002) ‘Parental influences on young girls’ fruit and vegetable, micronutrient, and fat intakes’. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 102(1), pp. 58–64.

1261 – Galloway, A. T., Fiorito, L., Lee, Y. and Birch, L. L. (4) ‘Parental pressure, dietary patterns, and weight status among girls who are “picky eaters”’. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 105(4), pp. 541–548.

1262 – Wardle, J., Carnell, S. and Cooke, L. (2005) ‘Parental control over feeding and children’s fruit and vegetable intake: How are they related?’ Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 105(2), pp. 227–232.

1263 – Brown, Kerry A., Ogden, Jane, Vögele, Claus and Gibson, E. Leigh (2008) ‘The role of parental control practices in explaining children’s diet and BMI’. Appetite, 50(2), pp. 252–259.

1264 – Rigal, Natalie, Chabanet, Claire, Issanchou, Sylvie and Monnery-Patris, Sandrine (2012) ‘Links between maternal feeding practices and children’s eating difficulties. Validation of French tools’. Appetite, 58(2), pp. 629–637.

1265 – Kaar, Jill L., Shapiro, Allison L. B., Fell, Donna M. and Johnson, Susan L. (2016) ‘Parental feeding practices, food neophobia, and child food preferences: What combination of factors results in children eating a variety of foods?’ Food Quality and Preference, 50, pp. 57–64.

1266 – Moding, Kameron J. and Stifter, Cynthia A. (2016) ‘Temperamental approach/withdrawal and food neophobia in early childhood: Concurrent and longitudinal associations’. Appetite, 107, pp. 654–662.

1267 – Carper, J. L., Orlet Fisher, J. and Birch, L. L. (2000) ‘Young girls’ emerging dietary restraint and disinhibition are related to parental control in child feeding’. Appetite, 35(2), pp. 121–129.

1268 – Robert Batsell, W, Brown, Alan S, Ansfield, Matthew E and Paschall, Gayla Y (2002) ‘“You Will Eat All of That!”: A retrospective analysis of forced consumption episodes’. Appetite, 38(3), pp. 211–219.

1269 – Ellis, Jordan M., Galloway, Amy T., Webb, Rose Mary, Martz, Denise M. and Farrow, Claire V. (2016) ‘Recollections of pressure to eat during childhood, but not picky eating, predict young adult eating behavior’. Appetite, 97, pp. 58–63.

1270 – Birch, Leann Lipps (1981) ‘A call for the explicit recognition of affect in models of human eating behavior’. Journal of Nutrition Education, 13(1, Supplement 1), pp. S49–S53.

1271 – Pliner, P. and Stallberg-White, C. (2000) ‘“Pass the ketchup, please”: familiar flavors increase children’s willingness to taste novel foods’. Appetite, 34(1), pp. 95–103.

1272 – Fisher, Jennifer O., Mennella, Julie A., Hughes, Sheryl O., Liu, Yan, et al. (2012) ‘Offering “Dip” Promotes Intake of a Moderately-Liked Raw Vegetable among Preschoolers with Genetic Sensitivity to Bitterness’. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 112(2), pp. 235–245.

1273 – Capaldi, Elizabeth D. and Privitera, Gregory J. (2008) ‘Decreasing dislike for sour and bitter in children and adults’. Appetite, 50(1), pp. 139–145.

1274 – Havermans, Remco C. and Jansen, Anita (2007) ‘Increasing children’s liking of vegetables through flavour–flavour learning’. Appetite, 48(2), pp. 259–262.

1275 – Musher-Eizenman, Dara R., Wagner Oehlhof, Marissa, Young, Kathleen M., Hauser, Jessica C., et al. (2011) ‘Emerald dragon bites vs veggie beans: Fun food names increase children’s consumption of novel healthy foods’. Journal of Early Childhood Research, 9(3), pp. 191–195.

1276 – Blissett, Jackie and Fogel, Anna (2013) ‘Intrinsic and extrinsic influences on children’s acceptance of new foods’. Physiology & Behavior, 121, pp. 89–95.

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1364 – Peng, Carol Chiung-Hui, Yang, Stephen Shei-Dei, Austin, Paul F. and Chang, Shang-Jen (2018) ‘Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Alarm versus Desmopressin Therapy for Pediatric Monosymptomatic Enuresis’. Scientific Reports, 8(1), pp. 1–10.

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1394 – Atkin, Andrew J., Sharp, Stephen J., Corder, Kirsten and van Sluijs, Esther M. F. (2014) ‘Prevalence and Correlates of Screen Time in Youth: An International Perspective’. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 47(6), pp. 803–807.

1395 – The Office of Communications (2016) Children and parents: media use and attitudes report, [online] Available from: https://www .ofcom.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0034/93976/Children- Parents-Media-Use-Attitudes-Report-2016.pdf

1396 – Carson, Valerie, Hunter, Stephen, Kuzik, Nicholas, Gray, Casey E., et al. (2016) ‘Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth: an update’. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(6 (Suppl. 3)), pp. S240–S265.

1397 – Mullan, Killian (2018) ‘Technology and Children’s Screen-Based Activities in the UK: The Story of the Millennium So Far’. Child Indicators Research, 11(6), pp. 1781–1800.

1398 – Tremblay, Mark S., LeBlanc, Allana G., Kho, Michelle E., Saunders, Travis J., et al. (2011) ‘Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth’. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8(1), p. 98.

1399 – Ngantcha, Marcus, Janssen, Eric, Godeau, Emmanuelle, Ehlinger, Virginie, et al. (2020) ‘Revisiting Factors Associated With Screen Time Media Use: A Structural Study Among School-Aged Adolescents’. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 15(6), pp. 448–456.

1400 – Livingstone, Sonia and Franklin, Keely (2018) ‘Families with young children and “screen time”’. Journal of Health Visiting, 6(9), pp. 434–439.

1401 – Etchells P. on behalf of all signatories (2017) ‘Screen time guidelines need to be built on evidence, not hype’. The Guardian. [online] Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/science/head-quarters/2017/jan/06/screen-time-guidelines-need-to-be-built-on-evidence-not-hype (Accessed 8 January 2020)

1402 – Houghton, Stephen, Hunter, Simon C., Rosenberg, Michael, Wood, Lisa, et al. (2015) ‘Virtually impossible: limiting Australian children and adolescents daily screen based media use’. BMC Public Health, 15(1), p. 5.

1403 – Straker, Leon, Zabatiero, Juliana, Danby, Susan, Thorpe, Karen and Edwards, Susan (2018) ‘Conflicting Guidelines on Young Children’s Screen Time and Use of Digital Technology Create Policy and Practice Dilemmas’. The Journal of Pediatrics, 202, pp. 300–303.

1404 – American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Communications and Media (2016) ‘Media and Young Minds’. Pediatrics, 138(5).

1405 – Canadian Paediatric Society Digital Health Task Force, Ponti, Michelle, Bélanger, Stacey, Grimes, Ruth, et al. (2017) ‘Screen time and young children: Promoting health and development in a digital world’. Paediatrics & Child Health, 22(8), pp. 461–468.

1406 – Ferguson, Christopher J. and Beresin, Eugene (2017) ‘Social science’s curious war with pop culture and how it was lost: The media violence debate and the risks it holds for social science’. Preventive Medicine, 99, pp. 69–76.

1407 – Barr, Rachel, Lauricella, Alexis, Zack, Elizabeth and Calvert, Sandra L. (2010) ‘Infant and Early Childhood Exposure to Adult-Directed and Child-Directed Television Programming: Relations with Cognitive Skills at Age Four’. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 56(1), pp. 21–48.

1408 – Zimmerman, Frederick J. and Christakis, Dimitri A. (2005) ‘Children’s Television Viewing and Cognitive Outcomes: A Longitudinal Analysis of National Data’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 159(7), pp. 619–625.

1409 – Lin, Ling-Yi, Cherng, Rong-Ju, Chen, Yung-Jung, Chen, Yi-Jen and Yang, Hei-Mei (2015) ‘Effects of television exposure on developmental skills among young children’. Infant Behavior and Development, 38, pp. 20–26.

1410 – Christakis, Dimitri A (2009) ‘The effects of infant media usage: what do we know and what should we learn?’ Acta Paediatrica, 98(1), pp. 8–16.

1411 – Linebarger, Deborah L. and Walker, Dale (2005) ‘Infants’ and Toddlers’ Television Viewing and Language Outcomes’. American Behavioral Scientist, 48(5), pp. 624–645.

1412 – Anderson, Daniel R. and Pempek, Tiffany A. (2005) ‘Television and Very Young Children’. American Behavioral Scientist, 48(5), pp. 505–522.

1413 – Pagani, Linda S., Fitzpatrick, Caroline, Barnett, Tracie A. and Dubow, Eric (2010) ‘Prospective Associations Between Early Childhood Television Exposure and Academic, Psychosocial, and Physical Well-being by Middle Childhood’. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 164(5), pp. 425–431.

1414 – Kostyrka-Allchorne, Katarzyna, Cooper, Nicholas R. and Simpson, Andrew (2017) ‘The relationship between television exposure and children’s cognition and behaviour: A systematic review’. Developmental Review, 44, pp. 19–58.

1415 – Mistry, Kamila B., Minkovitz, Cynthia S., Strobino, Donna M. and Borzekowski, Dina L. G. (2007) ‘Children’s Television Exposure and Behavioral and Social Outcomes at 5.5 Years: Does Timing of Exposure Matter?’ Pediatrics, 120(4), pp. 762–769.

1416 – Kirkorian, Heather L., Pempek, Tiffany A., Murphy, Lauren A., Schmidt, Marie E. and Anderson, Daniel R. (2009) ‘The Impact of Background Television on Parent–Child Interaction’. Child Development, 80(5), pp. 1350–1359.

1417 – Pempek, Tiffany A., Kirkorian, Heather L. and Anderson, Daniel R. (2014) ‘The Effects of Background Television on the Quantity and Quality of Child-Directed Speech by Parents’. Journal of Children and Media, 8(3), pp. 211–222.

1418 – Khan, Kiren, Purtell, Kelly, Logan, Jessica, Ansari, Arya and Justice, Laura (2017) ‘Association Between Television Viewing and Parent-Child Reading in the Early Home Environment’. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 38(7), pp. 521–527.

1419 – Ennemoser, Marco and Schneider, Wolfgang (2007) ‘Relations of television viewing and reading: Findings from a 4-year longitudinal study’. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99(2), pp. 349–368.

1420 – Anderson, Daniel R., Subrahmanyam, Kaveri and Workgroup, on behalf of the Cognitive Impacts of Digital Media (2017) ‘Digital Screen Media and Cognitive Development’. Pediatrics, 140(Supplement 2), pp. S57–S61.

1421 – Barlett, Natalie D., Gentile, Douglas A., Barlett, Christopher P., Eisenmann, Joey C. and Walsh, David A. (2012) ‘Sleep as a Mediator of Screen Time Effects on US Children’s Health Outcomes’. Journal of Children and Media, 6(1), pp. 37–50.

1422 – Anderson, Craig A., Berkowitz, Leonard, Donnerstein, Edward, Huesmann, L. Rowell, et al. (2003) ‘The Influence of Media Violence on Youth’. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(3), pp. 81–110.

1423 – Huesmann, L. Rowell and Taylor, Laramie D. (2006) ‘The role of media violence in violent behavior’. Annual Review of Public Health, 27(1), pp. 393–415.

1424 – Strasburger, V. C. (2007) ‘Go Ahead Punk, Make My Day: It’s Time for Pediatricians to Take Action Against Media Violence’. PEDIATRICS, 119(6), pp. e1398–e1399.

1425 – Robertson, Lindsay A., McAnally, Helena M. and Hancox, Robert J. (2013) ‘Childhood and Adolescent Television Viewing and Antisocial Behavior in Early Adulthood’. Pediatrics, 131(3), pp. 439–446.

1426 – Common Sense Media (2013) Media and Violence: An Analysis of Current Research, San Francisco.

1427 – Bushman, Brad, Gollwitzer, Mario and Cruz, Carlos (2015) ‘There Is Broad Consensus: Media Researchers Agree That Violent Media Increase Aggression in Children, and Pediatricians and Parents Concur’. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 4(3), pp. 200–214.

1428 – Holmstrom, Amanda J. (2004) ‘The Effects of the Media on Body Image: A Meta-Analysis’. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 48(2), pp. 196–217.

1429 – Slater, Amy and Tiggemann, Marika (2016) ‘Little girls in a grown up world: Exposure to sexualized media, internalization of sexualization messages, and body image in 6–9 year-old girls’. Body Image, 18, pp. 19–22.

1430 – Ferguson, C.J. (n.d.) ‘The devil wears stata: Thin-ideal media’s minimal contribution to our understanding of body dissatisfaction and eating disorders.’ Archives of Scientific Psychology, 6(1), pp. 70–79.

1431 – Steinberg, Laurence and Monahan, Kathryn C. (2011) ‘Adolescents’ exposure to sexy media does not hasten the initiation of sexual intercourse’. Developmental Psychology, 47(2), pp. 562–576.

1432 – Merrill, Renae A. and Liang, Xinya (2019) ‘Associations between adolescent media use, mental health, and risky sexual behaviors’. Children and Youth Services Review, 103, pp. 1–9.

1433 – Gingold, Janet A., Simon, Alan E. and Schoendorf, Kenneth C. (2014) ‘Excess Screen Time in US Children: Association With Family Rules and Alternative Activities’. Clinical Pediatrics, 53(1), pp. 41–50.

1434 – Veldhuis, Lydian, Grieken, Amy van, Renders, Carry M., HiraSing, Remy A. and Raat, Hein (2014) ‘Parenting Style, the Home Environment, and Screen Time of 5-Year-Old Children; The “Be Active, Eat Right” Study’. PLOS ONE, 9(2), p. e88486.

1435 – Bjelland, Mona, Soenens, Bart, Bere, Elling, Kovács, Éva, et al. (2015) ‘Associations between parental rules, style of communication and children’s screen time’. BMC Public Health, 15(1), p. 1002.

1436 – Ramirez, Ernesto R., Norman, Gregory J., Rosenberg, Dori E., Kerr, Jacqueline, et al. (2011) ‘Adolescent Screen Time and Rules to Limit Screen Time in the Home’. Journal of Adolescent Health, 48(4), pp. 379–385.

1437 – Gentile, Douglas A., Reimer, Rachel A., Nathanson, Amy I., Walsh, David A. and Eisenmann, Joey C. (2014) ‘Protective Effects of Parental Monitoring of Children’s Media Use: A Prospective Study’. JAMA Pediatrics, 168(5), pp. 479–484.

1438 – Carlson, Susan A., Fulton, Janet E., Lee, Sarah M., Foley, John T., et al. (2010) ‘Influence of Limit-Setting and Participation in Physical Activity on Youth Screen Time’. Pediatrics, 126(1), pp. e89–e96.

1439 – Totland, Torunn H., Bjelland, Mona, Lien, Nanna, Bergh, Ingunn H., et al. (2013) ‘Adolescents’ prospective screen time by gender and parental education, the mediation of parental influences’. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10(1), p. 89.

1440 – Schoeppe, Stephanie, Rebar, Amanda L., Short, Camille E., Alley, Stephanie, et al. (2016) ‘How is adults’ screen time behaviour influencing their views on screen time restrictions for children? A cross-sectional study’. BMC Public Health, 16(1), p. 201.

1441 – Jago, Russell, Thompson, Janice L., Sebire, Simon J., Wood, Lesley, et al. (2014) ‘Cross-sectional associations between the screen-time of parents and young children: differences by parent and child gender and day of the week’. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11(1), p. 54.

1442 – Sallis, James, Prochaska, Judith and Taylor, Wendell (2000) ‘A review of correlates of physical activity of children and adolescents’. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 32(5), pp. 963–975.

1443 – Salmon, Jo, Timperio, Anna, Telford, Amanda, Carver, Alison and Crawford, David (2005) ‘Association of Family Environment with Children’s Television Viewing and with Low Level of Physical Activity’. Obesity Research, 13(11), pp. 1939–1951.

1444 – Yalçin, Siddika Songül, TuĞrul, Belma, Naçar, NazIre, Tuncer, Murat and Yurdakök, KadrIye (2002) ‘Factors that affect television viewing time in preschool and primary schoolchildren’. Pediatrics International, 44(6), pp. 622–627.

1445 – LeBlanc, Allana G., Katzmarzyk, Peter T., Barreira, Tiago V., Broyles, Stephanie T., et al. (2015) ‘Correlates of Total Sedentary Time and Screen Time in 9–11 Year-Old Children around the World: The International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment’. PLOS ONE, 10(6), p. e0129622.

1446 – Krossbakken, Elfrid, Torsheim, Torbjørn, Mentzoni, Rune Aune, King, Daniel Luke, et al. (2018) ‘The effectiveness of a parental guide for prevention of problematic video gaming in children: A public health randomized controlled intervention study’. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7(1), pp. 52–61.

1447 – Vondráčková, Petra and Gabrhelík, Roman (2016) ‘Prevention of Internet addiction: A systematic review’. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 5(4), pp. 568–579.

1448 – Anderson, Daniel R. and Hanson, Katherine G. (2010) ‘From blooming, buzzing confusion to media literacy: The early development of television viewing’. Developmental Review, 30(2), pp. 239–255.

1449 – Anderson, Daniel R., Huston, Aletha C., Schmitt, Kelly L., Linebarger, Deborah L., et al. (2001) ‘Early Childhood Television Viewing and Adolescent Behavior: The Recontact Study’. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 66(1), pp. i–154.

1450 – Hall, Eve R., Esty, Edward T. and Fisch, Shalom M. (1990) ‘Television and children’s problem-solving behavior: A synopsis of an evaluation of the effects of Square One TV.’ The Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 9(2), pp. 161–174.

1451 – Baydar, Nazli, Kağitçibaşi, Çiğdem, Küntay, Aylin C. and Gökşen, Fatoş (2008) ‘Effects of an educational television program on preschoolers: Variability in benefits’. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29(5), pp. 349–360.

1452 – Linebarger, Deborah Nichols, Brey, Elizabeth, Fenstermacher, Susan and Barr, Rachel (2017) ‘What Makes Preschool Educational Television Educational? A Content Analysis of Literacy, Language-Promoting, and Prosocial Preschool Programming’, in Barr, R. and Linebarger, D. N. (eds.), Media Exposure During Infancy and Early Childhood: The Effects of Content and Context on Learning and Development, Cham, Springer International Publishing, pp. 97–133. [online] Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45102-2_7 (Accessed 10 January 2020)

1453 – Marshall, J.M. (2004) ‘Learning with technology: Evidence that technology can, and does support learning’. Educational Forum, 68, pp. 140–153.

1454 – Lemke, C., Coughlin, E. and Reifsneider, D. (2009) Technology in schools: What the research says: An update, Culver City, CA, Commissioned by Cisco.

1455 – Mishra, Punya and Koehler, Matthew J. (2006) ‘Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge: A Framework for Teacher Knowledge’. Teachers College Record, 108(6), pp. 1017–1054.

1456 – Koehler, Matthew and Mishra, Punya (2009) ‘What is Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK)?’ Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 9(1), pp. 60–70.

1457 – van Deursen, Alexander J. A. M., Bolle, Colin L., Hegner, Sabrina M. and Kommers, Piet A. M. (2015) ‘Modeling habitual and addictive smartphone behavior: The role of smartphone usage types, emotional intelligence, social stress, self-regulation, age, and gender’. Computers in Human Behavior, 45, pp. 411–420.

1458 – Billieux, Joël, Maurage, Pierre, Lopez-Fernandez, Olatz, Kuss, Daria J. and Griffiths, Mark D. (2015) ‘Can Disordered Mobile Phone Use Be Considered a Behavioral Addiction? An Update on Current Evidence and a Comprehensive Model for Future Research’. Current Addiction Reports, 2(2), pp. 156–162.

1459 – Elhai, Jon D., Dvorak, Robert D., Levine, Jason C. and Hall, Brian J. (2017) ‘Problematic smartphone use: A conceptual overview and systematic review of relations with anxiety and depression psychopathology’. Journal of Affective Disorders, 207, pp. 251–259.

1460 – Shan, Zhi, Deng, Guoying, Li, Jipeng, Li, Yangyang, et al. (2013) ‘Correlational Analysis of neck/shoulder Pain and Low Back Pain with the Use of Digital Products, Physical Activity and Psychological Status among Adolescents in Shanghai’. PLOS ONE, 8(10), p. e78109.

1461 – İNal, Esra Erkol, Demİrcİ, kadİr, Çetİntürk, Azİze, Akgönül, Mehmet and Savaş, Serpİl (2015) ‘Effects of smartphone overuse on hand function, pinch strength, and the median nerve’. Muscle & Nerve, 52(2), pp. 183–188.

1462 – Xie, Yanfei, Szeto, Grace P. Y., Dai, Jie and Madeleine, Pascal (2016) ‘A comparison of muscle activity in using touchscreen smartphone among young people with and without chronic neck–shoulder pain’. Ergonomics, 59(1), pp. 61–72.

1463 – Duke, Éilish and Montag, Christian (2017) ‘Smartphone addiction, daily interruptions and self-reported productivity’. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 6, pp. 90–95.

1464 – Samaha, Maya and Hawi, Nazir S. (2016) ‘Relationships among smartphone addiction, stress, academic performance, and satisfaction with life’. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, pp. 321–325.

1465 – Clayton, Russell B., Leshner, Glenn and Almond, Anthony (2015) ‘The Extended iSelf: The Impact of iPhone Separation on Cognition, Emotion, and Physiology’. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 20(2), pp. 119–135.

1466 – Carbonell, Xavier, Chamarro, Andrés, Oberst, Ursula, Rodrigo, Beatriz and Prades, Mariona (2018) ‘Problematic Use of the Internet and Smartphones in University Students: 2006–2017’. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(3), p. 475.

1467 – Bennett, Brooke L., Whisenhunt, Brooke L., Hudson, Danae L., Wagner, Allison F., et al. (2019) ‘Examining the impact of social media on mood and body dissatisfaction using ecological momentary assessment’. Journal of American College Health, 0(0), pp. 1–7.

1468 – Tatangelo, Gemma L and Ricciardelli, Lina A (2017) ‘Children’s body image and social comparisons with peers and the media’. Journal of Health Psychology, 22(6), pp. 776–787.

1469 – Murray, Marisa, Maras, Danijela and Goldfield, Gary S. (2016) ‘Excessive Time on Social Networking Sites and Disordered Eating Behaviors Among Undergraduate Students: Appearance and Weight Esteem as Mediating Pathways’. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 19(12), pp. 709–715.

1470 – Oberst, Ursula, Wegmann, Elisa, Stodt, Benjamin, Brand, Matthias and Chamarro, Andrés (2017) ‘Negative consequences from heavy social networking in adolescents: The mediating role of fear of missing out’. Journal of Adolescence, 55, pp. 51–60.

1471 – Twenge, Jean M., Joiner, Thomas E., Rogers, Megan L. and Martin, Gabrielle N. (2018) ‘Increases in Depressive Symptoms, Suicide-Related Outcomes, and Suicide Rates Among U.S. Adolescents After 2010 and Links to Increased New Media Screen Time’. Clinical Psychological Science, 6(1), pp. 3–17.

1472 – Huang, Chiungjung (2017) ‘Time Spent on Social Network Sites and Psychological Well-Being: A Meta-Analysis’. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 20(6), pp. 346–354.

1473 – Huang, Chiungjung (2018) ‘Social network site use and academic achievement: A meta-analysis’. Computers & Education, 119, pp. 76–83.

1474 – Lenhart, A., Kahne, J., Middaugh, E., Macgill, A.R., et al. (2010) Teens, Video Games and Civics, Pew Research Center. [online] Available from: https://www.pewresearch.org/internet/2008/09/16/teens-video-games-and-civics/ (Accessed 10 January 2020)

1475 – Spil Games (2013) State of online gaming report, [online] Available from: http:// auth-83051f68-ec6c-44e0-afe5-bd8902acff57.cdn.spilcloud.com/v1/ archives/1384952861.25_State_of_Gaming_2013_US_FINAL.pdf

1476 – The Entertainment Software Association (2015) Essential facts about the computer and video game industry, [online] Available from: http://www.theesa.com/ wp-content/uploads/2015/04/ESA-Essential-Facts-2015.pdf

1477 – Kildare, Cory A. and Middlemiss, Wendy (2017) ‘Impact of parents mobile device use on parent-child interaction: A literature review’. Computers in Human Behavior, 75, pp. 579–593.

1478 – Radesky, Jenny S., Kistin, Caroline J., Zuckerman, Barry, Nitzberg, Katie, et al. (2014) ‘Patterns of Mobile Device Use by Caregivers and Children During Meals in Fast Food Restaurants’. Pediatrics, 133(4), p. e843.

1479 – Kabali, Hilda K., Irigoyen, Matilde M., Nunez-Davis, Rosemary, Budacki, Jennifer G., et al. (2015) ‘Exposure and Use of Mobile Media Devices by Young Children’. Pediatrics, 136(6), pp. 1044–1050.

1480 – Antrilli, Nick K. and Wang, Su-hua (2018) ‘Toddlers on touchscreens: immediate effects of gaming and physical activity on cognitive flexibility of 2.5-year-olds in the US’. Journal of Children and Media, 12(4), pp. 496–513.

1481 – Powers, Kasey L., Brooks, Patricia J., Aldrich, Naomi J., Palladino, Melissa A. and Alfieri, Louis (2013) ‘Effects of video-game play on information processing: A meta-analytic investigation’. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20(6), pp. 1055–1079.

1482 – Wang, Ping, Liu, Han-Hui, Zhu, Xing-Ting, Meng, Tian, et al. (2016) ‘Action Video Game Training for Healthy Adults: A Meta-Analytic Study’. Frontiers in Psychology, 7. [online] Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00907/full (Accessed 10 January 2020)

1483 – Bediou, Benoit, Adams, Deanne, Mayer, Richard, Tipton, Elizabeth, et al. (2018) ‘Meta-Analysis of Action Video Game Impact on Perceptual, Attentional, and Cognitive Skills’. Psychological Bulletin, 144(1), pp. 77–110.

1484 – Adachi, Paul J. C. and Willoughby, Teena (2013) ‘Do Video Games Promote Positive Youth Development?’ Journal of Adolescent Research, 28(2), pp. 155–165.

1485 – Kovess-Masfety, Viviane, Keyes, Katherine, Hamilton, Ava, Hanson, Gregory, et al. (2016) ‘Is time spent playing video games associated with mental health, cognitive and social skills in young children?’ Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 51(3), pp. 349–357.

1486 – Jackson, Linda A., Witt, Edward A., Games, Alexander Ivan, Fitzgerald, Hiram E., et al. (2012) ‘Information technology use and creativity: Findings from the Children and Technology Project’. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(2), pp. 370–376.

1487 – Gentile, Douglas A., Anderson, Craig A., Yukawa, Shintaro, Ihori, Nobuko, et al. (2009) ‘The Effects of Prosocial Video Games on Prosocial Behaviors: International Evidence from Correlational, Longitudinal, and Experimental Studies’. Personality & social psychology bulletin, 35(6), pp. 752–763.

1488 – Saleem, Muniba, Anderson, Craig A. and Gentile, Douglas A. (2012) ‘Effects of Prosocial, Neutral, and Violent Video Games on Children’s Helpful and Hurtful Behaviors’. Aggressive Behavior, 38(4), pp. 281–287.

1489 – Cejudo, Javier, López-Delgado, Mari Luz and Losada, Lidia (2019) ‘Effectiveness of the videogame “Spock” for the improvement of the emotional intelligence on psychosocial adjustment in adolescents’. Computers in Human Behavior, 101, pp. 380–386.

1490 – Ewoldsen, David R., Eno, Cassie A., Okdie, Bradley M., Velez, John A., et al. (2012) ‘Effect of Playing Violent Video Games Cooperatively or Competitively on Subsequent Cooperative Behavior’. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15(5), pp. 277–280.

1491 – Redd, William, Jacobsen, Paul, Die-Trill, Maria, Dermatis, Helen, et al. (1987) ‘Cognitive/Attentional Distraction in the Control of Conditioned Nausea in Pediatric Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy’. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55(3), pp. 391–395.

1492 – Vasterling, Jennifer, Jenkins, Richard A., Tope, Denise Matt and Burish, Thomas G. (1993) ‘Cognitive distraction and relaxation training for the control of side effects due to cancer chemotherapy’. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16(1), pp. 65–80.

1493 – Patel, Anuradha, Schieble, Thomas, Davidson, Melissa, Tran, Minh C. J., et al. (2006) ‘Distraction with a hand-held video game reduces pediatric preoperative anxiety’. Pediatric Anesthesia, 16(10), pp. 1019–1027.

1494 – Ferguson, Christopher J. (2015) ‘Clinicians’ attitudes toward video games vary as a function of age, gender and negative beliefs about youth: A sociology of media research approach’. Computers in Human Behavior, 52, pp. 379–386.

1495 – Quandt, Thorsten, Van Looy, Jan, Vogelgesang, Jens, Elson, Malte, et al. (2015) ‘Digital Games Research: A Survey Study on an Emerging Field and Its Prevalent Debates’. Journal of Communication, 65(6), pp. 975–996.

1496 – Tian, Yu, Gao, Mingjian, Wang, Peng and Gao, Fengqiang (2020) ‘The effects of violent video games and shyness on individuals’ aggressive behaviors’. Aggressive Behavior, 46(1), pp. 16–24.

1497 – Greitemeyer, Tobias (2019) ‘The contagious impact of playing violent video games on aggression: Longitudinal evidence’. Aggressive Behavior, 45(6), pp. 635–642.

1498 – Prescott, Anna T., Sargent, James D. and Hull, Jay G. (2018) ‘Metaanalysis of the relationship between violent video game play and physical aggression over time’. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(40), pp. 9882–9888.

1499 – Anderson, Craig A., Shibuya, Akiko, Ihori, Nobuko, Swing, Edward L., et al. (2010) ‘Violent video game effects on aggression, empathy, and prosocial behavior in Eastern and Western countries: A meta-analytic review’. Psychological Bulletin, 136(2), pp. 151–173.

1500 – Ferguson, Christopher J. and Olson, Cheryl K. (2014) ‘Video Game Violence Use Among “Vulnerable” Populations: The Impact of Violent Games on Delinquency and Bullying Among Children with Clinically Elevated Depression or Attention Deficit Symptoms’. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(1), pp. 127–136.

1501 – Ferguson, Christopher J. (2015) ‘Do Angry Birds Make for Angry Children? A Meta-Analysis of Video Game Influences on Children’s and Adolescents’ Aggression, Mental Health, Prosocial Behavior, and Academic Performance’. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(5), pp. 646–666.

1502 – Ferguson, Christopher J. and Wang, John C. K. (2019) ‘Aggressive Video Games are Not a Risk Factor for Future Aggression in Youth: A Longitudinal Study’. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 48(8), pp. 1439–1451.

1503 – Kühn, Simone, Kugler, Dimitrij Tycho, Schmalen, Katharina, Weichenberger, Markus, et al. (2019) ‘Does playing violent video games cause aggression? A longitudinal intervention study’. Molecular Psychiatry, 24(8), pp. 1220–1234.

1504 – Przybylski, Andrew K. and Weinstein, Netta (2019) ‘Violent video game engagement is not associated with adolescents’ aggressive behaviour: evidence from a registered report’. Royal Society Open Science, 6(2), p. 171474.

1505 – Mathur, Maya B. and VanderWeele, Tyler J. (2019) ‘Finding Common Ground in Meta-Analysis “Wars” on Violent Video Games’. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 14(4), pp. 705–708.

1506 – Brunborg, Geir Scott, Mentzoni, Rune Aune and Frøyland, Lars Roar (2014) ‘Is video gaming, or video game addiction, associated with depression, academic achievement, heavy episodic drinking, or conduct problems?’ Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 3(1), pp. 27–32.

1507 – Lemmens, Jeroen S., Valkenburg, Patti M. and Peter, Jochen (2011) ‘Psychosocial causes and consequences of pathological gaming’. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(1), pp. 144–152.

1508 – Mentzoni, Rune Aune, Brunborg, Geir Scott, Molde, Helge, Myrseth, Helga, et al. (2011) ‘Problematic Video Game Use: Estimated Prevalence and Associations with Mental and Physical Health’. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14(10), pp. 591–596.

1509 – Kuss, Daria Joanna and Griffiths, Mark D. (2012) ‘Internet Gaming Addiction: A Systematic Review of Empirical Research’. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 10(2), pp. 278–296.

1510 – Kuss, Daria, Griffiths, Mark, Karila, Laurent and Billieux, Joël (2014) ‘Internet Addiction: A Systematic Review of Epidemiological Research for the Last Decade.’ Current Pharmaceutical Design, 20, p. 4026.

1511 – Rooij, Antonius J. Van, Schoenmakers, Tim M., Vermulst, Ad A., Eijnden, Regina J. J. M. Van Den and Mheen, Dike Van De (2011) ‘Online video game addiction: identification of addicted adolescent gamers’. Addiction, 106(1), pp. 205–212.

1512 – Singh, Meharban (2019) ‘Compulsive Digital Gaming: An Emerging Mental Health Disorder in Children’. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 86(2), pp. 171–173.

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